How to Write a Medical Dissertation - Breaking Down the Process

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How to Write a Medical Dissertation - Breaking Down the Process
Post By The Academic Papers On 27, Feb

Medical study involves the various human processes ranging from the developmental phase to the body’s anatomical phenomenon. When completing a graduate or postgraduate medical degree, students have to write a research project named a medical dissertation. A perfect dissertation demonstrates a new research question to be investigated and formulated.

In recent trends, there has been a significant increase in the number of medical students. Per the statistical data presented by MSC - Medical School Council:

  • There has been a tremendous expansion in the number of medical students, comprising 5,000 and constituting 14,500 graduates per year.

Another report published by Statista on 30 Nov 2023,

  • In 2021, there were 8,835 individuals holding medical degrees in the UK. This number saw a 3.54% increase in 2022, reaching a total of 9,140, indicating a rise of 305 graduates.

Students increasingly demonstrate their research skills through independent dissertation writing, proposing fundamental solutions to emerging questions. Despite challenges such as procrastination and writer’s block, they find the process challenging. Issues like gathering data, meeting deadlines, and distractions disrupt the medical dissertation process, leading students to seek online dissertation help from experts. Skilled writers deliver well-edited, researched, and innovative dissertations, understanding instructions thoroughly.

This guide lets us understand medical terminology and essential components to include in the dissertation.

What Is the Meaning of a Medical Term?

The medical term is the language used to describe the medical processes, including:

  • Components
  • Processes
  • Conditions
  • Medical procedures for cure

Medical terminology is the basic foundation on which the entire health system functions. To reduce the potential for miscommunication, students are taught this language to deliver effective care. Medical language certificates are a must for graduate programs.

Similarly, students composing a medical dissertation should confined to the medical terminologies. The field of study encloses the various terminologies for cancer, blood pressure and mental health. Some of the terminologies are mentioned below:

Common Root
Image Source: Research Gate

Medical Dissertation Topics for 2024

Writing a medical dissertation is a challenging task. It requires a lot of effort to find an extensive and detailed-oriented topic. We care about scholars' concerns; therefore, we have gathered a list of innovative topics. Some of the top trending topics are listed below:

  1. The Rising Issues of Pollution-Induced Asthma in Young Children.
  2. Conducting the Deep Survey on Ethics and Efficacy of Artificial Tissue Creation.
  3. Investigating the Risks of Second-Hand Smoke on the Cardiovascular Health of People.
  4. Analysing the Ratio of Depression and Anxiety in Developed Countries.
  5. Studying the Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Diagnosing Cancer.

How Do You Write a Medical Dissertation? 8 Elements to Include

A medical dissertation is a long form of academic writing based on the original research work. It is primarily composed to build a strong argument and propose effective solutions. The standard structure typically follows IMRaD – introduction, literature review, methodology, results and discussion, and conclusion.

Other than this, there are various essential elements which make your dissertation look more professional. Following the right set of instructions can help you in submitting a flawless dissertation. Some of the fundamental components are mentioned below:

1. Title Page

Make sure to follow the recommendations and instructions devised by the Declaration and Approval Committee. The title page is the first page of your dissertation and constitutes the following elements:

  • Dissertation title
  • Your name
  • Name of your department
  • Degree program
  • Date of submission
  • Supervisor name
  • University or institute logo
  • Student’s number

For example, you can include a well-formatted title page by reflecting professionalism in your whole medical dissertation structure as follows:

[Dissertation Title:]

[ Subtitle]

[Author’s Full Name]

[Department and Educational Institution (Affiliation)]

[Course Code and Name]

[Supervisor's Name (incl. Professional Titles)]

[Due Date]


2. Acknowledgements

While writing your medical dissertations, it's optional to include acknowledgements. In this section, you can acknowledge and thank the people who helped you in the whole dissertation journey. People may include your fellows, supervisors, colleagues and family members. Adding this section reflects positivity and deep concerns about accreditation.

3. Abstract

The abstract is the summary of your whole medical dissertation context. It focuses on the aims and outcomes of your research. As per the University of Wisconsin, the standard length of an abstract should be 150-250 words. It should cover the following:

  • Purpose of your research
  • Provide background and context of investigation
  • Describe the methods of research
  • The conclusion you have drawn about your medical dissertation ideas.

Note that it is the section from where your reader will decide to read the rest of your dissertation. Make it concise but focused and highly subject-oriented. It will help readers to extract the arguments, analysis and detailed information from your paper.

It is advised to seek help from your supervisors to follow the specific format. Moreover, they can also guide you in organising the ideas in a chronological sequence for effective approval.

4. Introduction

The first chapter of a medical dissertation is an introduction. It is the first chapter, but the experts always advise it to be written at the last. This is because, in the end, you have much clarity of ideas, information and a logical flow.

Generally, there is a specific length recommended by every institute. For example, the University of Wolverhampton advises writing an 800- to 1000-word long introduction. It should be 10% of your whole write-up. A healthy and crisp introduction should include the following:

  • Background and contextualise information to your medical research. It may include the research work on cancer treatment, from diagnosis to cure; everything should be described.
  • Clearly state the scope and purpose of your research. Narrow down your topic.
  • Explain the relevancy of your work in contrast to the recent debate or an argument.
  • Mention all the research questions, ideas, statements and answers to justify them.
  • Also, give a brief overview of your whole dissertation structure.

Make your dissertation introduction more engaging and relevant to the medical field. Use some statistical and numerical figures to evoke the reader’s curiosity. By reading this chapter, your reader should get all the answers of why, what and how this study will proceed.

5. Literature Review

A literature review critically assesses your work's relevance to the previous literary work. While writing a literature review of your medical dissertation, fill in the previous research gaps. Develop a coherent and argumentative statement to provide clear and authentic justification for your research.

For example, your topic is using nanoparticles to treat cancer tumours, then extract the relevant works of people on this topic. Go through various academic journals, books, articles and case studies. Critically go through each piece of information and try to address research gaps. A well-organised literature review should include the following:

  • Highlight the research gaps.
  • Propose new theoretical and methodological approaches.
  • Suggest an innovative and beneficial solution to an existing problem.
  • Builds a compatible relevancy of existing knowledge with new data.

6. Methodology

The methodology chapter of your medical dissertation should reflect the set of methodologies you are going to use in research. This section allows your reader to analyse the validity of your methodological approach. A typical format for writing an effective methodology should include the following:

  1. The overall methodological approach and type of your research, i.e., qualitative, quantitative, experimental and ethnographic.
  2. Mention the methods of data collection, for instance, interviews, lab experiments, surveys or archives.
  3. Describe the tools used, including lab equipment, chemicals and apparatus. For example, while researching cancer treatment using nanoparticles, explain the usage of polyline dendrimers to degrade solid tumours. State the convergent and divergent methods of forming polyline dendrimers.
  4. Write about the right and convenient method so that your readers may extract valuable information.
  5. A detailed description of procedures will ensure the validity of the data presented.

7. Results and Discussion

Sometimes, the results and discussion chapters are combined; otherwise, they are written separately. All the amendments depend upon the advised criteria by your institute. In this chapter, inform your reader what you have found. Include the significant data, tables and figures to support your medical dissertation research questions. Further, discuss the key findings by critically analysing what they mean. Evaluate the weaknesses and strengths of your research.

Correlate the previous works with yours to justify the supervisor. You can also make recommendations and practical actions for future research. So that readers may consider it a good idea to execute the alternative interpretations. This chapter mainly reflects the coherent framework of all the above-discussed chapters. See some of the best recommendations given by the University of Detroit Mercy:

  • Consider writing clear, concise and simple results.
  • Follow the chronological order to describe the results. Mention the inferential and statistical outputs.
  • Highlight the numerical text to get noticed easily.
  • Perform an analysis of the theoretical considerations and limitations of your research.

8. Conclusion

While writing the conclusion chapter of your medical dissertation, provide a quick recap of the central argument. Answer the research question and clarify what you did and how you did it. Inform the readers why your research is valuable and where it can be applicable. Expand this section concisely by mentioning further research possibilities. For writing a crisp conclusion, you need to add the following points:

  • Restate the importance of your research topic.
  • Address the opposing viewpoints and provide your explanation.
  • Provide a call to action for future research possibilities.

Wrap it up in a concise yet expository way. Try to convince your readers about the research you conducted. In two or three lines, sum up the whole importance, contribution and suggestions. Choose the formal and academic language to reflect clarity. Use transition words such as However, Although, Therefore and furthermore to reflect coherence.

9. References

The most important part of a dissertation is adding proper referencing. Many students forget to cite the source of information, which results in greater plagiarism. Adding references in your dissertation provides two benefits. First, it acknowledges other people’s work. Second, it minimises the chances of plagiarism.

Every institute recommends specific criteria for citing a reference. Students are advised to follow the said criteria. There are different styles of citing a reference. Some of the most common and popular styles include:

  • APA
  • MLA
  • Vancouver
  • Harvard
  • Chicago

Use the one which is suggested by your institute. You can also add the references manually, but for ease, different tools have been introduced, such as Zotero, Endnote and the built-in Microsoft citation feature.

For a better understanding, you can see the style of references in the medical dissertation examples below:

10. Proofread Before Submission

Proofreading and slow revising are the keys towards writing a successful medical dissertation. Once you have finished the writing process, then take a break. Break helps you to refresh your mind and enhance the flow of ideas.

Come back to your writing desk and start reading your dissertation loudly. The best strategy is to get a hard copy of it and use a pencil to highlight the mistakes. Proofread your dissertation multiple times and spot the following errors:

  • Grammatical and spelling errors.
  • Sentence length and structuring.
  • Passive voice.
  • Fonts, styles, and margins.
  • Remove filler and other empty words.
  • Crosscheck acronyms and abbreviations.
  • Analyse the fluency and consistency of information.

After reviewing it multiple times, prepare a final file for submission. An error-free dissertation will help you impress your supervisor and get good grades. Besides this, many students struggle to revise and don’t know the structural flaws. To refine their work, they seek guidance from dissertation editing services. Hence, there are good chances of successful approval by the declaration committee.


From the above-discussed structure, you can now easily compose a perfect medical dissertation. Follow the said tips, strategies and templates shared with you. Develop coherence in all the dissertation chapters. Use an academic tone to interlink the categorised information. Use examples to demonstrate the concepts. Considering all these tactics can help you in writing a successful dissertation.