PhD Thesis Writing: a General Guide to Writing

A PhD thesis is an important academic paper that presents the research and findings of an author and it is submitted by a student to avail the doctoral degree. The complexity of the research to gather the data for a PhD thesis varies from one country to another country or from one university to another university. A PhD thesis is a lengthy piece of writing and most of the students are not able to complete it before the deadline and they try to get help from experts of PhD thesis writing services. A general guide to writing a PhD thesis is given below; Understand PhD thesis structure The structure of a PhD thesis provides look to a thesis and it lasts the first impression on the minds of the readers. Therefore, before commencing PhD thesis writing task, the students should have enough idea about the general structure of a PhD thesis. A PhD thesis structure consists of the following components;

  1. Title page

The title page is the first page of a PhD thesis. On the title page, the students should write the following things;

  1. Title of thesis
  2. Student’s name
  3. Supervisor’s name
  4. Date of submission
  5. Department’s name
  6. Name of the institution
  7. Abstract

An abstract of a PhD thesis is its brief summary. By reading the abstract of the PhD thesis, the readers can understand the purpose of writing the thesis. An abstract also provides an answer to the question of why is it necessary for the readers to read this PhD thesis. The maximum length of an abstract of a PhD thesis should not exceed from 400 words. Some essential tips to write an abstract of a PhD thesis are given below;

  1. First of all, you should identify your purpose of writing a PhD thesis
  2. Secondly, you should explain the problem at hand
  3. Thirdly, you should explain your methods
  4. Fourthly, you should summarize the results of your thesis
  5. At last, you should sum up your summary by giving closure to your thesis
  6. Table of contents

It is a fact that a PhD thesis is a lengthy piece of writing and it is also divided into different components. Therefore, it is necessary for you to prepare a table of contents in the PhD thesis. In this table of contents, you should write the headings and subheadings of your PhD thesis along with their page numbers. These headings and subheadings should be indented.

  • List of figures

While writing a PhD thesis, you will have to explore your concepts with the help of some figures. You should also provide a list of these figures along with page numbers in the list of figures page.

  • List of tables

Along with figures, it is also necessary for the students to include some tables in a PhD thesis. A list of tables along with their page numbers should also be included in the list of tables’ page.

  • Introduction

The introduction is the first major chapter of a PhD thesis. Most of the students try to write the introductory section of the PhD thesis before other chapters. It is the wrong strategy. No doubt, the introduction is the first major chapter of your PhD thesis but it should be written after completing the rest of the chapters. The introductory chapter of your PhD thesis should be compelling and it should motivate the readers to read the rest of your thesis. Some essential tips to write a compelling PhD thesis are given below;

  1. Explain the goals of writing the PhD thesis
  2. Provide sufficient background information, so that it should allow the readers to understand the significance of the research questions
  3. Acknowledgement of the previous work. It is possible only if you have read lots of papers relevant to the topic of your PhD thesis
  4. Try to explain the scope of your research
  5. Methods

With the help of the research methodology chapter of the PhD thesis, you should try to convince the readers that your research is helpful for them and it should contribute something new in your subject area. To write a PhD thesis, you have to gather a huge amount of data either by adopting a qualitative research methodology or quantitative research methodology. The research methodology chapter will provide a complete detail about your data collection method. Some essential tips to describe your overall approach in the research methodology chapter of your PhD thesis are given below;

  1. You should commence the research methodology writing task by restating your research questions
  2. You should develop your overall approach (either qualitative or quantitative) by establishing your overall methodological approach
  3. You should also define your gathered data
  4. You should also tell the audience members why you have not used other research methods
  5. You should cite all the sources that are contributing to your choice of research methodology
  6. You should also describe how to analyze the results
  7. You should also explain either your findings are generalized or transferred
  8. Results

After conducting in-depth research to write a PhD thesis, you will find some new things. These are known as findings of your PhD thesis. These findings should be written in the results section of the PhD thesis. The results section of your PhD thesis will provide an idea to the readers whether you have achieved the required goals to write the PhD thesis or not. You should summarize the findings of your research into clear and concrete statements of facts.

  • Discussion

There are four main components of the discussing chapter of a PhD thesis. First of all, the students have to state their interpretations. Secondly, students have to declare their opinions. Thirdly, the students have to explain the effects of their findings. Fourthly, the students have to make predictions for future research. Some essential tips to write the discussing chapter of PhD thesis are given below;

  1. The structure of the discussing chapter should be specific to the general
  2. While writing the discussion chapter, you have to adopt a consistent tone
  3. You should commence a discussion chapter writing task by restating your hypothesis
  4. You should try to explain the results of your literature
  5. You should give proper attention to the results of your thesis
  6. You should defend the answers to your research questions
  7. There should be a discussion about all the unexpected findings of your research
  8. There should be a brief summary of the implications of your findings
  9. You should try to discuss each and everything in a specific manner
  10. Conclusions

The conclusion is considered as the last chapter of the PhD thesis. In the conclusions, the students have to summarize all the main points of a PhD thesis. While writing the conclusion, you should keep in mind that there is no need to include such a main point relevant to your topic idea that is not explained in the main body of your thesis. Some essential tips to write conclusion are given below;

  1. Summarize the strongest and most important statements of your thesis
  2. Summarize the new observations, interpretations and insights relevant to your topic idea
  3. You should also try to include the broader implications of the results of your thesis
  4. There is no need to repeat the sentences of abstract, introduction and discussion in the conclusion rather than you should summarize the main points in your words
  5. Recommendations

It is a fact that there is a limit of words in your PhD thesis. Therefore, it is almost impossible for us to cover all the angles of the topic in our thesis. As a result, there is a possibility of some gaps in our thesis. In the recommendations, the students have to explain gaps in their research and they should provide the recommendations for the future research relevant to that topic idea.

  1. Acknowledgement

To write a lengthy piece of writing just like a PhD thesis, you will have to get help from others. The acknowledgement section of the PhD thesis provides a chance for the students to thank all the people who have provided assistance to you while writing the PhD thesis.

  1. References

To write the PhD thesis, you will have to gather the data from different resources. In the references section of the PhD thesis, it is necessary for you to provide a list of all the resources from where you have gathered the data for your PhD thesis. The references section of the PhD thesis has two main advantages. First of all, it saves your thesis from the plagiarism issues. Secondly, it tells the readers that the information written in your thesis is gathered from authentic resources.

  1. Appendices

There is some data like tables, calculations and list of equipment etc that are not in the main body of the thesis. The students can write it in the appendices.

These are the main components of your PhD thesis. Anyhow, before commencing the PhD thesis writing task, you should read all the guidelines and requirements to write the thesis. By reading these guidelines and requirements, you will get an idea which things are required by your advisor.

Tips to write a PhD thesis After clearly understanding the structure of the PhD thesis, the next step is to commence the thesis writing task. No doubt, to write a PhD thesis is a time-consuming task. Therefore, you will face lots of obstacles to write a PhD thesis. Some essential tips to write a PhD thesis are given below;

  1. Make a schedule

Without preparing a schedule, it is almost impossible for you to complete the PhD thesis writing task before the deadline. You should set some deadlines to write each chapter of your PhD thesis. You should also think how much pages are required to write in a day to complete the PhD thesis before the deadline. You should work on the PhD thesis writing task by setting a routine and you should choose such hours of the day for the PhD thesis writing task during which you are feeling fresh.

  • Just start writing

After preparing a schedule for the PhD thesis writing task, you should commence the thesis writing task as soon as possible. Its reason is that a PhD thesis is a lengthy piece of writing and if you delay it, you will face lots of difficulties to complete it before the deadline. If you have some solid reasons to delay the thesis writing task, you will have to prepare a new timeline to write a PhD thesis.

  • The first draft is not the final draft

To write a PhD thesis, the students should keep in mind that the first draft of their thesis is not the last draft. Therefore, they should continue the thesis writing task without taking care of the perfectness of sentences and arguments. After completing the first draft of their thesis, they should refine their work during rewriting and revising process.

  • Be flexible

While writing a PhD thesis, there is a possibility that there may occur a writer’s block. The students should overcome writer’s block calmly. No doubt, due to this writer’s block, their schedule will be disturbed. The students should adjust their schedule accordingly and try to complete their thesis before the deadline. While preparing a timeline to complete the thesis, the students should set their deadline before the actual deadline. This kind of flexibility will allow the students to adjust their deadlines under critical circumstances.

  • Write the introductions last

As we have discussed earlier that an introduction is the first main chapter of PhD thesis but it should be written after completing the rest of the sections. Its reason is that if you are going to write the introductory chapter of your thesis before resting of the sections, there is a possibility that you may be stuck because you don’t have enough idea what things you are going to introduce in your thesis. On the other hand, if you write the introductory chapter of your thesis after writing the main body of your thesis, it will be easy to you to get an idea about those thoughts that you are going to introduce in your thesis.

  • Move around

While writing a PhD thesis, you will feel that some sections are straightforward and some sections are difficult. While writing the difficult section of your thesis, if there occurs a writer’s block, you should move towards straightforward section and try to complete it when you are feeling fresh. This is the best technique to save you valuable time while writing a thesis.

  • Get feedback early

It is a fact that different supervisors have different preferences. If you get feedback on your thesis after completing it, there is a possibility that your thesis will not fulfil the preferences of your supervisor. As a result, you will have to revise the complete thesis. On the other hand, if you are getting feedback from your advisor after writing each section of your thesis, you will be able to get an idea about the preferences of your supervisor. As a result, you will try to write the next sections of your thesis by giving importance to the preferences of your advisor. This early feedback will also provide you with a sense of satisfaction that you are doing the right work.

  • Take care of yourself

It is a common proverb that a sound body has a sound mind. To write a PhD thesis, there require unique and original ideas. The only way to generate unique and original ideas for your thesis is to keep your mind fresh. Therefore, while writing a thesis, it is also necessary for you to take care of yourself. To take care of yourself means that you should spend at least 6 to 8 hours in enjoying the sound sleep, in order to fresh your mind you should take short breaks during thesis writing hours, you should take exercise on the regular basis and you should eat a well-balanced diet.

  • Use a reference manager

To write a PhD thesis, you will have to gather the data from hundreds of resources. If you want to prepare a list of these resources at the end of the thesis writing task, there is a possibility that you may forget some references and they may occur plagiarism issues in your thesis. Therefore, it is also an essential tip for you to keep a record of these references while writing the thesis. For this reason, you can get help from a reference manager like Endnote or Zotero.

  1. Give a reward to yourself

After writing each section of your PhD thesis, you should give the reward to yourself. This reward can be in the form of spending some hours in socializing with your friends or going outside with your friends for a cup of tea. After giving a reward to yourself, you will get new enthusiasm to write a thesis.

Proofreading and editing of PhD thesis After creating the first draft of your PhD thesis, the next step is to proofread and edit it. Proofreading and editing mean to identify all the mistakes from your thesis and try to remove these mistakes from your thesis. Some essential tips to proofread and edit the PhD thesis are given below;

  1. Copy editing

The copy-editing process of a PhD thesis consists of five steps. First of all, you will have to proofread your thesis for several times. Secondly, you will have to remove all the spelling mistakes in your thesis. Initially, spellchecker software is the best choice for you to remove all the spelling mistakes from our thesis. Anyhow, you can’t rely on the spellchecker software. That’s why you should perform the final checking with your eyes. Thirdly, you should make sure that you have used complete sentences in your thesis. Fourthly, you should remove all the grammar, spelling and punctuation mistakes from your thesis. At last, you should give your thesis to an expert and ask him to identify all the mistakes in your thesis.

  • Content editing

After the copy editing, there comes content editing. There involve three steps in content editing of a PhD thesis. First of all, you have to take an overview of the logical flow of all the paragraphs and sentences of your PhD thesis. Secondly, you should avoid repetition of words and sentences in your thesis. At last, you should take an overview of the style of your thesis.

  • Avoiding ambiguity

The words or phrases that have more than one meanings come into ambiguity. While writing a PhD thesis, you should make sure that your thesis is free from these kinds of words and phrases. While proofreading and editing, you should try to avoid ambiguity in your PhD thesis. Some essential tips to avoid ambiguity in your PhD thesis are given below;

  1. There is no need to use nested clauses or phrases in your PhD thesis
  2. There is no need to use such clauses and phrases which have more than one meanings
  3. You should avoid the use of double negative sentences in your thesis
  4. There is no place of dangling participles in your PhD thesis
  5. There should be an agreement between the use of subjects and verbs in your thesis
  6.  There is no place of noun strings in your thesis
  7. There is no need to use unexplained acronyms in your thesis

Conclusion To write a PhD thesis is the last hurdle to cross to get a PhD degree. The first step to write the PhD thesis is to get an idea about the structure of your thesis. In the structure of a PhD thesis, there come title page, abstract, list of contents, list of figures, list of tables, introduction, research methodology, discussion, conclusion, results and findings, references and appendices. Some essential tips to create the best quality content for a PhD thesis are to create a schedule, to commence thesis writing task as soon as possible, to get feedback from the advisor after writing each section of thesis, to use the reference manager, to take care of yourself and to give reward to yourself. After completing the first draft of your thesis, the next step is to proofread and edit it and try to remove all the grammar, spelling and punctuation mistakes from your thesis.

A to Z of Research Proposal Writing

This research proposal writing guide has been penned down by a researcher and academic consultant in our team at The Academic Papers UK for the undergraduate, masters and Ph.D. students who look for complete guidance and information about writing a research proposal at one place.

In general, a research proposal or dissertation proposal is a brief description of the research question, research background, significance of the study as well as a proposed research methodology.

A research proposal proposes a research project. A research proposal is helpful for a student to avail sponsorship. Students are asked to write a research proposal at Undergraduate, Masters and Ph.D. level. In general, a research proposal or dissertation proposal is a brief description of the research question, research background, significance of the study as well as a proposed research methodology.

There are two types of research proposals. Some research proposals are solicited. Solicited research proposal means that it is written as a response to a request. To write a solicited research proposal, the researchers have to fulfill some specified requirements. Some research proposals are unsolicited. Unsolicited research proposals are written without any prior request and the researchers are free to write the research proposal.

Some key questions that should be answered in a research proposal are given below;

  1. What are the research questions that you are going to address in your research paper?
  2. What are the possible ways to address these research questions?
  3. How much time is required to write the research paper?
  4. What is the expense of the research paper?
  5. What are the possible results of the research paper?
  6. How to get these results?
  7. How to evaluate the results of the research proposal?
  8. How your research paper will be helpful for sponsoring organizations?
  9. What are the possible resources to gather the data to write your research paper?

The exact format and structure to write a research proposal may vary from one institute to another institute. Anyhow, there are some basics of a research proposal that are required by all the institutes.

No doubt, to write a research proposal requires a huge amount of time and you will have to follow a timeline to complete it before the deadline. If you don’t have enough time or skills to write a research proposal, you can get help from experts of research proposal writing services. Some essential tips to write a research proposal are given below;

The elements of a research proposal

A research proposal is divided into several sections. Therefore, before commencing the research proposal writing task, the students should clearly understand the elements to write a research proposal. The main elements of a research proposal are explained below;

Introduction and theoretical framework

An introduction is the first main section of a research proposal. Its main purpose is to provide the background information about the research topic and it also develops a framework for the research. After reading the introductory section of the research proposal, the readers are able to get an idea of how your research paper is relevant to other research papers. Some essential elements of the introductory section of a research proposal are given below;

  1. It should create interest in the topic
  2. It should provide a complete idea about the main foundation of writing the research proposal
  3. What is the place of your research in the broader context of the scholarly literature?
  4. There should be a thesis statement which should have main arguments about the topic of your research paper

While writing a research paper, the researchers have to work on a particular line of inquiry. This line of inquiry should be introduced in the introductory section of the research proposal. In the line of the theory of a research paper, there come lots of things like a statement of the problem, main questions of the research paper, the main hypothesis of the research paper, the rationale of your research and research instruments.

Statement of the problem

Statement of the problem is also an essential element of a research proposal. In this essential element of the research proposal, you will have to describe the context for the studies and you will have to identify the general approach that you will adopt to write the research paper. A problem of a research proposal is that issue which exists in the literature. There are some students who try to identify the problem of the research proposal in the discussion section. It is hard for the review committee members to find out that problem. Therefore, it is also necessary for us to write the statement of the problem in the form of an identical section. Due to this identical section, the problem of the statement is easily found and recognized by the readers. You should try to present the problem of the statement in easy wording, so that, it should be easily understandable for the audience members. According to experts, an effective problem statement provides the answer to the research question.

Purpose of the study

No doubt, there is a specific purpose to write a research paper. It is necessary for the researchers to explain this purpose in the research proposal. It is possible only if a researcher has enough command on the overall purpose of the research. The best way to define the main purpose of the study is to briefly define and delimit the area of your research. The purpose of the study will also act as an incorporate rationale for the studies. Some essential tips to write the purpose of study are given below;

  1. You should commence the research proposal writing task with the help of a sentence “The purpose of the research is …….” This sentence will clearly provide an idea to the readers that you are going to elaborate on the purpose of your research paper.
  2. You should clearly define and identify the central idea of your research study.
  3. You should take an overview of the specific method of inquiry.
  4. You should also take an overview of the analysis techniques

Review of the literature

The review of the literature provides an idea to the readers of the background information about the research problem. It also provides an idea to the readers that why is it necessary for us to conduct research about that topic. The committee members will also get an idea that you have enough knowledge about your topic idea and you are in a position to add something new in the existing knowledge. Some essential tips to write this essential section of a research proposal are given below;

  1. You should share the results of your studies with the readers
  2. You should show how your research is closely related to the discussed research papers
  3. You should explain the gaps in your studies and provide them with a complete plan on how to fill these gaps
  4. There should be a framework that establishes the importance of your studies
  5. You should provide an idea to the readers that you have enough command on the methodological developments relevant to your research topic
  6. In the end, you should keep the literature review section of your research proposal short and to the point

Methods and procedures

Methods and procedures provide a clear idea about the design of the research. These methods and procedures are also considered as the heart of your research proposal. Therefore, you should provide enough detail about these methods and procedures and you should ensure the continuity while explaining these methods and procedures. These methods and procedures tell the readers that how will you answer all the questions of your research proposal. Sampling, implementation, data collection and data analysis are core elements of methods and procedures. These core elements are explained below;

  1. A sampling of the data provides enough information about the validity of the research.
  2. Instrumentation provides enough idea about the instruments that you are going to use while conducting research. Some essential instruments that most of the researchers use to gather the data are surveys, scales, and interviews, etc.
  3. To write a research paper, there requires a huge amount of data. Therefore, in the data collection, it is also necessary for you to provide an idea about the possible data collection techniques and timeline to gather the data
  4. There are lots of tools to analyze the data. You will have to provide a complete detail about that tool which you will use to analyze the data of your research paper.

Limitations and delimitations

While writing a research paper, you will have to come across lots of things like analysis of the data, preparation of self-reports complete details about the instruments and much more. While managing all of these tasks, there is a possibility that a researcher is not able to overcome some problems. These problems are known as the limitations of your research. In the research proposal, it is also necessary for you to provide an idea about these limitations. On the other, the techniques that are used to limit your research study are known as delimitations. You should also clearly explain delimitations in your research proposal.

Significance of the study

The best research proposal is that which add something new in the existing knowledge of the research topic. In the significance of the study, it is necessary for you to provide an idea to committee members that how your research paper will add some new and interesting information in the existing knowledge. You can easily write the significance of the study by providing answers to the following questions;

  1. How the results of your research paper are relevant to the theoretical framework?
  2. What are the main findings of your research paper?
  3. How the results of your research paper will influence your area of studies?
  4. How to improve the results of your studies?
  5. How to implement the results of your studies?

References

To write a research paper, we have to gather data from different resources. In the research proposal, it is also necessary for a researcher to provide a list of all the resources from where he is going to gather the data for the research paper. These resources should be authentic and academic. While citing these resources, the researchers should follow such a citation style that is recommended by the committee members.

Tips to write different sections of a research proposal

After getting an idea about all the sections of a research proposal, the next step is to write these sections. Some essential tips to write different sections of a research proposal are given below;

Come up with a title for your proposal

The title of your research proposal should be relevant to your subject area and it should be interesting, concise and descriptive. After reading the title of your research paper, the readers should be encouraged to read the whole research paper. The title of your research proposal should also seem clear and accurate to the readers. There is no need to add some phrases in the title of your research proposal.

Create a title page

A title page is the first page of your research proposal. On this title page, you should write your name, the title of your research proposal and the name of your institution. While creating the title page for your research proposal, you should follow the format of the sponsoring agency. For example, if a sponsoring agency doesn’t provide any guideline about the format of the title page, you should follow the APA citation style. There should be running head on the left corner of the page. A running head is a shortened version of your title and it appears on all the pages of the research proposal. On the title page, there should be double spacing between all the words.

Summarize the proposal in your abstract

As we have discussed earlier that to write a research proposal, you will have to describe a problem. An abstract of the research proposal provides summarized detail of this problem. Along with this problem, you should also try to include the proposed solution and the main objectives of your research problem. An abstract of a research proposal should not exceed from 150 to 250 words.

List keywords that will come up in your research proposal

You should find out at least 3 to 4 keywords relevant to the topic of your research proposal. These keywords should be in the form of phrases relevant to your topic idea that people are searching on the internet. If you optimize these keywords properly in your research proposal, search engines will show up your research proposals to the readers. Therefore, lots of people can get benefit from your research proposal.

Include a table of contents

As we have discussed earlier that a research proposal is divided into different sections. Therefore, it is also necessary for you to include a table of contents in the research proposal. This table of contents provides a complete idea about all the elements that you have included in your research proposal. These elements should be included in the table of contents along with their page numbers.

Move into your introduction

An introduction is an essential element of a research proposal. One can easily write the introductory section of a research proposal by restating the title of the research proposal, by clearly defining the statement of the problem, by typing the significance of research and by stating the purpose of research.

Try to contextualize your research

No doubt, lots of research papers and academic papers will be written relevant to your topic idea. While writing a research proposal, you will have to contextualize your research in the form of a literature review. This will provide an idea to the readers about the present and past research relevant to your topic idea. While writing this section of the research proposal, you should provide credit to other researchers because this work is done by these researchers.

Describe the relevant institution resources

If you are writing a research paper for an institution, you will have to provide background information about this institute. It means that you will have to write all the relevant institutional resources that are offered by your institute to other researchers. The supportive and facilitative services of this institution also come into this section.

Identify the personnel

If you are going to write a short research paper, there is no need to add this section in the research proposal of this research paper. Anyhow, if you are going to write a lengthy research paper, you will have to write it in your research proposal. This essential section of your research proposal provides complete information about all the contributors to your research paper. You will have to write the main responsibilities and expertise of these contributors.

Include appendices

Appendices are considered as the most important section of your research proposal. Its reason is that while writing a research proposal, there are some things that are not explained in the main body of the research proposal. Under such a situation, the appendices provide us with the chance to add these things. In other words, appendices are written to further explain your research.

Project a budget

Most of the research proposals are written to get funds from different agencies and organizations. Therefore, at the end of the research proposal, you will have to indicate the anticipated cost that is required to complete the research proposal. You should provide complete detail of all the items that are required to complete the research proposal along with their costs. Moreover, it is also necessary for you to justify the costs of these items.

Writing timeline

A research proposal is a lengthy piece of writing and there requires a huge amount of time to complete it. Therefore, in the research proposal, you will have to provide research paper writing timeline. Some essential tips to write research paper writing timeline in a research proposal are given below;

Take several months to prepare your research proposal

According to researchers, if you want to create the best quality research proposal, you will have to spend at least six months in planning and composing the research proposal. Therefore, instead of waiting for the deadline to submit the research proposal, you should commence the research proposal writing task as soon as possible.

Prewrite during the phase la

The period of 14 to 26 weeks before submitting the research proposal is known as phase la. You should perform the following tasks during this period;

  1. During the 14 to 16 weeks, you should continue your research about your research question
  2. In order to get an idea about the feasibility of your research, you should contact your advisor during 17 and 18 weeks
  3. During 19 to 23 weeks, you should write something about your research proposal and try to get feedback from your colleagues
  4. During the 24 to 26 weeks, you should write the purpose of your research proposal and try to take an overview of the administrative requirements

Perform early administrative tasks during phase lb

The period of 13 to 20 weeks before submitting the research proposal is known as phase lb. During this period, you will have to identify the relevant sources to gather the data for your research proposal and try to discuss these resources with the experts. The researchers can also get the necessary transcripts regarding the research proposal from the experts.

Proofread and edit your research proposal

While writing a research proposal, there is a possibility of some mistakes. Therefore, after preparing the first draft of your research proposal, you should proofread it and try to remove all the mistakes from your research proposal. While proofreading and editing the research proposal, you should take an overview of all the sections and subsection of your research proposal and try to ensure that it is free from the grammar, spelling and punctuation mistakes. You should also ensure that there is consistency between all the paragraphs and sentences of the research proposal.

To Sum Up

A research proposal is an essential document that proposes a research project. In a research proposal, the students have to list all the problems of the research paper and to list all the objectives to write the research proposal. Before commencing the research proposal writing task, the researchers should have enough idea about the main elements of a research proposal. The main elements of a research proposal are an introduction, statement of the problem, the purpose of the study, review of the literature, research questions, methods and procedures, limitations and delimitations, the significance of study and references. To write a research proposal before the deadline, the researchers have to follow a timeline. After preparing the first draft of the research proposal, the students should finalize it by removing all the mistakes.

Writing Dissertation Questionnaire: Do’s and Don’ts

A dissertation questionnaire is the best way to gather the data for your dissertation.  One can include either close-ended questions or open-ended questions in a questionnaire. Students’ find it tough to finalize and compose a Questionaire for research purpose and look for help. This informative post on Do’s and Dont’s has been penned down by the professional writer of The Academic Papers UK team.

A questionnaire is a research instrument and it consists of a set of questions and its main aim is to gather the data from the respondents. One can include either close-ended questions or open-ended questions in a questionnaire. There are three main characteristics of a questionnaire. First, there should be uniformity in the questions. Secondly, the nature of a questionnaire should be exploratory. At last, there should be a sequence between all the questions of a questionnaire. Structured and unstructured are two main types of questionnaires. Some do’s and don’ts of writing dissertation questionnaire are given below;

Do’s of writing dissertation questionnaire

Do’s of writing a dissertation questionnaire are those things that are necessary to add in a dissertation questionnaire. These are given below;

  • The students should keep in mind the target respondents. While preparing the questions for a dissertation questionnaire, the students should keep in mind the age and education level of the respondents.
  • The questions of a dissertation questionnaire should be anonymous for the respondents.
  • You should try to translate your research questions in a dissertation questionnaire in the form of a serious of questions.
  • You should follow the natural flow and logical conservation while setting questions in your questionnaire.
  • You should also try to maintain the interest of the respondents while setting the questions in a dissertation questionnaire.
  • You should make sure that the questions of a dissertation questionnaire should be clear and easily understandable for the audience members.
  • Sometimes, there is a possibility that your respondents don’t know the proper answer to your question. Therefore, you should try to specify don’t know option in all the questions of your dissertation questionnaire.
  • There is also a possibility that you are not able to specify some essential aspects of your question and your respondents are willing to provide the answers to your questions in some words. For this reason, you should try to specify a place to get their views.
  • You should try to gather the data from more than one ways. For example, you can gather the data by giving these questionnaires in the form of paper prints and you can also gather the data by sending these questionnaires to the respondents via some online means.
  • The questions of your dissertation questionnaire should be such that the respondents will never try to leave any question of your dissertation questionnaire.

Don’t of writing a dissertation questionnaire

There are also some things that you should avoid while preparing a dissertation questionnaire. These things are explained below;

  • There is no need to write leading questions. Its reason is that these leading questions provide an idea about the only side of the question.
  • There is no need to use some technical or vague terms. Its reason is that these technical and vague terms will make it difficult for the respondents to understand the nature of the question.
  • You should also avoid the use of absolutes in the questions of a dissertation questionnaire. Its reason is that the use of absolutes in the questions of a dissertation questionnaire is not useful to get positive feedback from the respondents.
  • The nature of the questions should not be literally. If you add literally questions in your dissertation questionnaire, the respondents will give preference to give their answer is ‘No’ rather than ‘Yes’.
  • The length of a question should be as short as possible. Its reason is that long questions will become a cause of distracting the attention of the respondents.
  • You should also avoid the repetition of questions in the dissertation questionnaire.
  • There should be no double-barreled questions in your dissertation questionnaire.
  • There is no need to add some excessive classification sections in your dissertation questionnaire.
  • You should not forget to add an introductory paragraph that provides an idea to the respondents about the main purpose of writing a dissertation questionnaire.
  • There is no need to add a variety of questions in your dissertation questionnaire.

Conclusion

A dissertation questionnaire is the best way to gather the data for your dissertation. Some do’s of writing a dissertation questionnaire are to keep in mind age and education level of the respondents, to create anonymous questions for your dissertation questionnaire, to maintain the sequence of the questions and to ensure the natural flow of the questions. There are also some don’ts of writing a dissertation questionnaire. These don’ts are to avoid the use of technical terms in the questions of your questionnaire, to avoid the use of absolutes in the questions and there is no need to create lengthy questions.

Dissertation Milestones

A dissertation is a well-organized piece of writing and there are some steps that are necessary for us to follow while writing a dissertation. These steps are known as dissertation milestones. It is also necessary for the students to cover these milestones of dissertation writing before the deadline. If a student doesn’t cover this dissertation writing milestones in an effective way, there is a possibility that these milestones may affect the quality of the dissertation. There are some students who don’t have enough idea about these dissertation writing milestones.

Dissertation Milestones

A brief overview of these dissertation writing milestones is given below;

DissertationMilestones
Dissertation Milestones by TheAcademicPapersUK

  • Research ethics education

The main aim of the research of a dissertation is to conduct scholarly research about a specific topic. In this research, there should involve some human subjects. Therefore, the first milestone to write a dissertation is to create an ethical sound research plan.

It is also a fact that we can’t commence the dissertation writing task without approving the topic from the supervisor. Usually, it is asked to the students to approve the topic just within 8 weeks.

  • Mentor approved a research plan

To write a dissertation, there requires a complete research plan. After completing this research plan, it is also necessary for the students to approve this research plan from the mentor. The estimated time required to approve research plan from the mentor is 12 weeks.

  • Committee approved a research plan

After approving your research plan, your mentor will share this research plan with the committee members. The committee members will ask some questions about the input and output of your research. After that, they will give approval to your research plan.

  • Institutional review board approval

The members of the institutional review board will take an overview of your dissertation and they will decide either the research participants of your dissertation are according to their established ethical practices or not.

  • Pre-data collection call

To write a dissertation, there requires a huge amount of data and this data is collected by adopting a specific data collection technique. For this reason, a phone meeting will be arranged between your mentor and committee members and they will give approval to a dissertation data collection methodology.

  • Mentor approved chapters

As we know that a dissertation is a lengthy piece of writing and it is divided into different chapters. Therefore, after writing each chapter of your dissertation, it is necessary for you to approve it from your mentor.

After approving your dissertation, your mentor will send your dissertation to the committee members. The committee members will take an overview of your dissertation and provide you with feedback about the quality of your dissertation.

On the basis of the views and feedback of the committee members, you will have to edit and proofread your dissertation.

  • Final manuscript approval

After editing and proofreading your dissertation, it is an unavoidable thing for you to send your dissertation to the committee members for final manuscript approval.

  • Submit a manuscript for publication

After that, you will have to submit your dissertation for publication.

  • Dean’s final approval

At last, your dissertation will be approved by the dean and you will be able to earn your degree with distinction.

Thesis-Antithesis And Synthesis Is Associated With Which Theory In Sociology

In the 19th century, a German philosopher Georg W.F Hegel is well known for his system of inquiry. He has inquired lots of philosophies in the field of nature of reality. This system of inquiring the nature of reality is known as dialectic. The notions that form the historical movements become a cause of conflicting opposites. Read More …

Guidelines to Structure Interview Questions for Qualitative Research

A scientific method to gather the non-numerical data for a research paper is known as qualitative research. There are different methods to gather data for qualitative research. Some essential methods to gather the data for qualitative research are individual interviews, focus group, observations, and action research. This article by The Academic Papers UK, is a comprehensive guide on the interview question, the types, a template, and examples can be useful for you if you are looking for expert advice.

If you are going to gather the data for qualitative research by adopting a method of individual interview, you will have to structure the interview questions. No doubt, to structure the interview questions is a real problem for the students.

Interview structure types

An interview provides a chance to a researcher to gather enough information about a specific topic by conducting an interview from a group of respondents. On the basis of the desired detail of the information, there are different types of interview structure types. Some of them are explained below;

  • Structured interview

It is an essential research tool that provides a little scope to the respondents to obtain and analyze the results. The approach of a structured interview is quantitative. By keeping in mind the required information, the questions of this interview are pre-determined. Mostly, this type of interview is used in survey research. The questions of this interview can be closed-ended or open-ended by keeping in mind the target audience. The aim of the closed-ended questions is to get the answers to the interview questions according to the preferences of the respondents.

On the other hand, the aim of the open-ended questions is to get enough detail about a particular section of the interview. There are lots of advantages of conducting such kind of interview like it allows the researchers to get accurate responses to interview questions, it allows the researchers to get access to a wide variety of audience and it creates a formal relationship between the researchers and respondents. There are also some disadvantages of this kind of interview technique like it provides limited scope to the respondents to obtain the results, it forces the respondents to provide specific information and it is a time-taking task.

  • Semi-structured interview

A semi-structured interview is a guided conversation between the respondents and interviewer. The researchers can get appropriate flexibility while conducting this kind of interview. Instead of the structure of the interviewer, the researchers can also take advantage of their own ideas and creativity while conducting the interview. When a researcher wants to get a lot of information about a particular topic in a limited amount of time, this kind of interviewing technique is the best technique for the researchers.

There are many advantages of this interview like it provides enough time to the researchers to prepare and analyze the interview questions, it allows the researchers to show flexibility while maintaining the guidelines of the interview and the structure of this interview is also flexible.

The main disadvantage of this interview technique is that when flexibility is offered, the researchers are not able to get reliable data.

  • Unstructured interview

An unstructured interview is an in-depth interview. An unstructured interview provides enough data to the researchers about the research study. The unstructured interviews provide a chance for the researchers to build a bond between the respondents. Due to this bond, there is a possibility that the respondents will provide 100% genuine information to the researchers.

There are no guidelines to conduct this kind of interview, therefore, the researchers keep such an approach which is necessary for them to maintain the main motive of the research.

The main advantage of this interview is that it is conducted by keeping in mind all the permissible limits of the research. The main disadvantage of this interview is that due to the lack of structure, the researchers take more time to conduct this kind of interview.

  • Structured oral interview

There are some skills and abilities of the respondents that are not accessed through the written paper. In order to get an idea about these skills and abilities of the respondents, a structured oral interview is designed. The questions of a structured oral interview cover a wide range of topics and it is easy for the researchers to make some decisions after conducting this interview.

Some essential tips to structure interview questions for qualitative research are given below;

Interview structure template

The main aim of conducting an interview is to gather useful information from the respondents. It is possible only if you follow the correct template while structuring the interview questions. There are five main parts of the template of an interview structure.

  1. First of all, you should develop some questions to gather enough information about the interviewer.
  2. Secondly, you should try to introduce your topic to the respondents. For this reason, it is also necessary for you to design some questions.
  3. Thirdly, you should design the main questions of the interview.
  4. Fourthly, you should ask some questions from the respondents about their skills.
  5. At last, you will have to design some concluding questions.

Examples of structured interview questions for research

There are some students who don’t know how to prepare questions for the structured interview. They can get an idea about the structured interview questions by seeing these examples;

  • What’s the mission of your company?
  • Who are the competitors of your company and what are some essential strategies to compete with them?
  • How you get success in your field?
  • How one can get success in the field of business?
  • What are the necessary skills and abilities to get success in this field?
  • What is the importance of leadership skills in this field?
  • How much time is required to become a successful businessman?
  • What is the ethical dilemma that you have faced at your workplace?

Interview questions structure

There is a specific structure of the interview questions. First of all, you should lead the interview with the help of the general questions. After that, you should follow the interview with experience questions. Thirdly, you should prepare such questions that can reflect the behavior of the respondents.

Structured situational interview

Such questions that can be used for all the candidates are known as structured situational interview questions. These questions are open-ended and these questions give an invitation to the candidates to explain, elaborate and describe significant details about a specific topic. These questions usually begun with some phrases.

For more information and practical assistance, hire an expert dissertation writer from our team.

How to Write a Masters’ Dissertation In a Week: Complete Schedule and Guide

If the students follow some essential time management tips, they can easily create a monument of a dissertation even within a week. Some essential tips to write a dissertation within a week are given below

A master’s dissertation is a lengthy written work on a single topic. A master’s dissertation is completed with the guidance of the supervisor. There involves an extended period of writing and research while creating a monument of a dissertation. The content and the length of a dissertation vary from one subject to another subject or from one university to another university. There are some students who are not able to create a monument of a dissertation. Some common problems to write a master’s dissertation are to formulate a suitable thesis statement, to find out the relevant literature, poor planning and time management, etc. If the students follow some essential time management tips, they can easily create a monument of a dissertation even within a week. Some essential tips to write a dissertation within a week are given below;

1st day

Before commencing the dissertation writing task, you should find out a reliable and authentic dissertation writing service. Its reason is that while writing a dissertation in such a short interval of time if you face any difficulty, you will have to get quick help. Due to the 24/7 customer support service, a professional dissertation writing service can provide you dissertation help quickly. The first day of a dissertation writing task is very crucial. Its reason is that on the first day of a dissertation writing task, you will have to find out an interesting and intriguing topic idea and approve it from the supervisor. Moreover, you should also try to prepare the dissertation proposal on the first day of the dissertation writing task. The main components of the dissertation proposal are the purpose of the research proposal, title page, introduction, literature review, research design, references list and research schedule, etc. You will have to approve the dissertation proposal on the first day of the dissertation writing task at any cost.

2nd day

On the second day of the dissertation writing task, you should prepare all the preliminary pages of your dissertation. In these preliminary pages, there comes title page, acknowledgment, abstract, table of contents, list of abbreviations, list of figures, list of tables and glossary. You should prepare the title page of your dissertation by keeping in mind the format of your department. An abstract provides the main summary of your dissertation. Table of contents provides a complete detail about the different sections of a dissertation. List of abbreviations provides a list of the meanings of the difficult terms of the dissertation. List of figures and tables provide a complete detail about the tables and figures that are used in the dissertation.

3rd day

To write a dissertation, there requires a huge amount of data. If you want to increase the authenticity of a dissertation, you should try to gather the data from authentic and academic resources. On the third of the dissertation writing task, you should try to gather the data from different resources. For this reason, you should try to prepare a list of the best resources relevant to your dissertation topic. After preparing this list, you should gather data. After gathering enough data for your dissertation, you should sort out that data and try to keep only that data which is relevant to the main theme of your dissertation topic.

4th day

On the fourth day of the dissertation writing task, you should complete at least two chapters of your dissertation. In these two chapters, there come introduction and literature review. In the introduction of your dissertation, you should provide a basic outline to the audience members that what you are going to do in your dissertation. An introduction leads a dissertation towards the main body. On the other hand, in a literature review, you will have to provide an idea about the current state of the knowledge to the students. It will provide an idea about the originality of your dissertation. Moreover, it will also provide an idea to the audience members that how you are going to fill the hole in the existing literature.

5th day

On the fifth day of the dissertation writing task, you should also try to complete two main chapters of your dissertation. In these two main chapters, there come research methodology and results. The research methodology chapter of a dissertation provides an idea to the audience members to get an idea about the validity of the dissertation. Its reason is that in this chapter, you will have to provide the complete detail on how you have gathered the data for your dissertation. The results section of a dissertation provides an idea to the audience members about the outcomes of the dissertation.

6th day

On the sixth day of the dissertation writing task, you have to write discussion and concluding chapters of the dissertation. The discussion chapter of a dissertation provides a complete idea about the exploration and implementation of the results of your dissertation. While presenting these results in detail, it is also necessary for you to tell the audience members either these results meet your expectations or not. On the other hand, in the concluding chapter of a dissertation, you will have to summarize your results. At the end of the concluding chapter, you should provide some recommendations for further research on this topic.

7th day

On the last day of the dissertation writing task, you will have to quickly prepare the references list and appendices. Your first draft of the dissertation will be prepared. In this first draft, there is a possibility of some mistakes. The best way to remove these mistakes from your dissertation is to proofread and edit your dissertation. It is also necessary for you to get the comments of the experts about the quality of the dissertation. For this reason, you should send your dissertation to the expert writers of the dissertation writing services. Their expert writers will remove all the mistakes from your dissertation.

In order to write a dissertation within a week by following these simple tips, you will have to find a distraction-free environment and to prepare a solid timetable. After preparing the timetable, you will have to follow this timetable strictly.

The Structure and Breakdown of 10000 Words Dissertation

 In this article, the expert writers at The Academic Papers UK will provide structure and breakdown of 10,000 words dissertation.

The structure is an essential component of a dissertation because it provides quality to the content of a dissertation. It is a fact that the structure of all the dissertations is not the same because the word count of a dissertation may vary from subject to another subject or from one university to another university. When you are asked to write a dissertation, your supervisor will provide you with dissertation writing prompt. On this dissertation writing prompt, a complete detail about the dissertation structure will be present.

10,000 Words Dissertation Structure

  • Introduction: How long should an introduction be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The first main chapter of a dissertation is known as an introduction. The introductory chapter of a dissertation consists of 10% of the whole dissertation. If you are going to write a dissertation of 10,000 words, the introductory chapter of a dissertation should consist of 1000 words. In these 1000 words, you will have to establish your research topic, to state your research questions, to state the objectives of the dissertation and to provide an overview of the structure of the dissertation.

  • Literature review: How long should a literature review be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The literature review chapter of a dissertation consists of 30% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the length of the literature review chapter of the dissertation will be 3000 words. In these 3000 words, you will have to address the gap in the literature, to take a methodological approach to the topic, to propose the possible solutions to the unsolved questions and to strengthen the existing knowledge relevant to your dissertation topic idea with the help of the new data.

  • Research methodology: How long should a methodology be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The research methodology chapter of a dissertation consists of 15% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the research methodology chapter of a dissertation should consist of 1500 words. In these 1500 words, you will have to provide overall structure and style of the dissertation, to provide complete detail to analyze the data and to provide a complete idea about the evaluation of the research methods.

  • Findings/Results: how many words should findings and results be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The findings or results chapter of a dissertation consists of 5% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the findings or results section of a dissertation consists of 500 words. In these 500 words, it is necessary for a student to provide an in-depth analysis of the results of a dissertation.

  • Discussion: how many words should a discussion be in a dissertation?

The analysis or discussion chapter of a dissertation consists of 30% of the whole dissertation. Like the literature review, the analysis or discussion chapter of a dissertation should also consist of 3000 words. In these 3000 words, you will have to provide a complete overview of the implications of the results which are relevant to the main theme of your dissertation.

  • Conclusions + Recommendations: how long should a conclusion be on a 10000 words dissertation?

The conclusions and recommendations chapter of a dissertation consists of 10% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the conclusions and recommendations chapter of a dissertation consists of 1000 words. In these 1000 words, you will have to summarize the main points of your dissertation. This last chapter of a dissertation leaves a clear understanding of the main argument of the dissertation.

  • References: how many references for a 10000 words dissertation?

Students are required to back their writing with authentic references to avoid plagiarism. Usually, no limit set for the number of references by institutions as it depends on the literature available on a certain topic. However, you should not miss any research study, research paper in your subject area. You need to authenticate and the latest references to back your hypothesis, to state the significance and need of your research topic. Also, you need to journals, books, research papers, articles published previously for your literature review chapter.

How Depression Impacts The Immune System?

A serious medical illness which can affect your way of feeling, thinking and acting are known as depression. The depression of a person is treatable. Due to the depression, a person feels sadness and lack of interest in those activities which were enjoyable for him. The depression can also become lots of physical and emotional problems for someone. The symptoms of depression can be mild as well as severe. Some symptoms of depression are changes in appetite, lack of interest in daily life tasks, lack of interest in studies and some thoughts of suicide. The depression can affect the immune system of a person in the following ways;

  • Insomnia, headaches and fatigue

Due to depression, people are not able to complete their sleep. As a result, they feel headaches and fatigue. Insomnia, headache and fatigue can also last some adverse impacts on the immune system. Therefore, a person can face lots of risks in the form of heart disease, heart attack, heart failure and diabetes. There are also some impacts of lack of sleep on the sex drive of a person. The metabolism system of a human is also slowed down due to insomnia and fatigue.

  • Weight loss or weight gain

Due to depression, some people loss their weight and some people gain their weight. The weight loss or weight gain can also last some adverse impacts on the immune system of a person. Due to obesity, lots of functions of our immune system are unable to work properly. In these immune functions, there comes a decrease in the cytokine production, reduce functions of the detritus cells and decreased the function of the nitrogen stimulation. Under such a situation, if we want to improve our immune system, we have to do exercise.

  • Chronic pain

Any pain in our body that lasts more than 12 weeks is known as chronic pain. The depression can also become a cause of chronic pain. Chronic pain can also last some adverse impacts on our immune system. Chronic pain can reduce the ability of a person to perform some essential activities. As a result, you will feel pain in your body while working, playing or performing some other physical activities. In order to get rid of chronic pain, we have to develop coping skills and find out the right medication. We can also get rid of chronic pain by doing some essential exercises.

  • Inflammation

The response of a body to injury is known as inflammation. The inflammation can play an essential role in some chronic diseases. The depression can also become a cause of inflammation for the people. The inflammation can also last some adverse impacts on the immune system of a body. Some adverse impacts of the chronic inflammation are fatigue, fever, rashes and chest pain etc. Abdominal pain is also an essential impact of inflammation on our body. In order to cure the chronic inflammation, we have to clearly understand it.

Loss of libido and constipation are also some other causes of depression that can impact our immune system.

Undergraduate Dissertation Writing Guide: A-Z of an Undergraduate Dissertation

An undergraduate dissertation is also known as bachelor’s dissertation. An undergraduate dissertation is an essential piece of research about a single subject. Usually, it is written in the final year of a bachelor’s degree and the students are free to choose a topic according to their own area of interest. The students should try to select a narrow topic and try to explore it in more depth rather than in traditional mode. The students will have to select a supervisor of their dissertation from the faculty members. A supervisor acts as a guide during the dissertation writing task. The length of an undergraduate dissertation is considerably short than a master’s dissertation. The students face a lot of difficulties while writing an undergraduate dissertation. The best resource to get dissertation help is the dissertation writing service. A complete guide to writing an undergraduate dissertation is given below;

  • Select an interesting topic

The first and the most important step to write an undergraduate dissertation is to select an interesting topic. Its reason is that after selecting an interesting topic, one can feel it easy to complete the dissertation writing task. On the other hand, if a student selects an odd topic, it is impossible for him to create a monument of an undergraduate dissertation before the deadline. The essential characteristics of an interesting topic are given below;

  1. Your topic should be unique and original
  2. Your topic should be clear and researchable
  3. Your topic should be memorable

In order to select such an interesting topic, first of all, the students should check the requirements of the dissertation. Secondly, the students should get an idea about the type of research methodology. Thirdly, they should select a global research discipline and try to look for the current articles and papers in this global research discipline. Fourthly, the students should try to prepare a list of at least three topic ideas and try to select one of them after getting the views of supervisor, fellows and other experts.

  • Prepare a plan, an outline and a timetable

After selecting an interesting topic for your dissertation, the next step is to create an effective plan and outline to write an undergraduate dissertation. While creating a plan and an outline, first of all, the students should try to define their dissertation writing goals. Secondly, they should determine all the tasks which are necessary to achieve these writing goals. Thirdly, they should organize these tasks and try to develop a strategic plan. At last, they should make sure that their detailed plan should suit their lifestyle. Now, it’s time to prepare a timetable to write a dissertation before the deadline. For example, if you are going to write a dissertation just within a month, you should divide the whole undergraduate dissertation writing task into four parts. These four parts will provide you with a weekly plan. Moreover, you should also try to further divide each part into seven days. This thing will provide you with a daily timetable. You should follow this timetable strictly and try to fulfil the daily goals.

  • Conduct effective research

To write a dissertation, we require 10,000 to 15,000 words and the only way to gather such a huge amount of data is to conduct effective research. The outline provides us with a roadmap to conduct effective research. It is necessary for students to gather data from academic and authentic resources rather than ordinary resources. Its reason is that the authenticity of a dissertation depends upon the authenticity of these resources. Some authentic resources to gather the data for a dissertation are library books, academic catalogues, journal articles, research papers, and authentic websites etc.

  • Analyze the data

After gathering such a huge amount of data from different resources, the students should try to analyze the data and try to keep only that data which is relevant to the objectives of your dissertation. On the other hand, if you include some irrelevant data in your dissertation, it will not be interesting to the audience members because this irrelevant information will become a cause of distraction for the audience members.

  • Write the first draft

After analyzing the data, we should try to prepare the first draft of our dissertation. While preparing the first draft of our dissertation, we should include the information without taking care of the mistakes. Its reason is that these mistakes will be removed while proofreading and editing.

  • Follow the professional structure and format

It is one of the most essential requirements of an undergraduate dissertation that it should be written by following the professional structure and format. You should also try to read out the requirements and guidelines of your advisor regarding the professional structure and format of a dissertation. In the professional structure and format of a dissertation, first of all, we have to write some preliminary pages. These preliminary pages are a title page, acknowledgement, abstract, table of contents, list of figures, and glossary etc. You can also include some other pages according to the requirements and guidelines of your advisor. After the preliminary pages, there come the chapters of a dissertation. The main chapters of an undergraduate dissertation are an introduction, theoretical framework, research design, research results, discussion, conclusion, recommendations, references list and appendices.

  • Proofreading and editing

There is no need to submit a dissertation without proofreading and editing. Its reason is that a dissertation is a lengthy piece of writing and there is a possibility of some mistakes in a dissertation. Due to these mistakes, you will not be able to get the required grades from your advisor. Therefore, before submitting a dissertation, the students should try to proofread and edit it. During proofreading and editing, the students can take an overview of the grammar, spelling, punctuation, consistency, structure and formatting mistakes of a dissertation. After self-proofreading and editing, the students should also try to get help from experts of dissertation writing services. These experts can easily remove all the mistakes from your dissertation. Moreover, they also provide feedback about the quality of your dissertation.