A to Z of Research Proposal Writing

This research proposal writing guide has been penned down by a researcher and academic consultant in our team at The Academic Papers UK for the undergraduate, masters and Ph.D. students who look for complete guidance and information about writing a research proposal at one place.

In general, a research proposal or dissertation proposal is a brief description of the research question, research background, significance of the study as well as a proposed research methodology.

A research proposal proposes a research project. A research proposal is helpful for a student to avail sponsorship. Students are asked to write a research proposal at Undergraduate, Masters and Ph.D. level. In general, a research proposal or dissertation proposal is a brief description of the research question, research background, significance of the study as well as a proposed research methodology.

There are two types of research proposals. Some research proposals are solicited. Solicited research proposal means that it is written as a response to a request. To write a solicited research proposal, the researchers have to fulfill some specified requirements. Some research proposals are unsolicited. Unsolicited research proposals are written without any prior request and the researchers are free to write the research proposal.

Some key questions that should be answered in a research proposal are given below;

  1. What are the research questions that you are going to address in your research paper?
  2. What are the possible ways to address these research questions?
  3. How much time is required to write the research paper?
  4. What is the expense of the research paper?
  5. What are the possible results of the research paper?
  6. How to get these results?
  7. How to evaluate the results of the research proposal?
  8. How your research paper will be helpful for sponsoring organizations?
  9. What are the possible resources to gather the data to write your research paper?

The exact format and structure to write a research proposal may vary from one institute to another institute. Anyhow, there are some basics of a research proposal that are required by all the institutes.

No doubt, to write a research proposal requires a huge amount of time and you will have to follow a timeline to complete it before the deadline. If you don’t have enough time or skills to write a research proposal, you can get help from experts of research proposal writing services. Some essential tips to write a research proposal are given below;

The elements of a research proposal

A research proposal is divided into several sections. Therefore, before commencing the research proposal writing task, the students should clearly understand the elements to write a research proposal. The main elements of a research proposal are explained below;

Introduction and theoretical framework

An introduction is the first main section of a research proposal. Its main purpose is to provide the background information about the research topic and it also develops a framework for the research. After reading the introductory section of the research proposal, the readers are able to get an idea of how your research paper is relevant to other research papers. Some essential elements of the introductory section of a research proposal are given below;

  1. It should create interest in the topic
  2. It should provide a complete idea about the main foundation of writing the research proposal
  3. What is the place of your research in the broader context of the scholarly literature?
  4. There should be a thesis statement which should have main arguments about the topic of your research paper

While writing a research paper, the researchers have to work on a particular line of inquiry. This line of inquiry should be introduced in the introductory section of the research proposal. In the line of the theory of a research paper, there come lots of things like a statement of the problem, main questions of the research paper, the main hypothesis of the research paper, the rationale of your research and research instruments.

Statement of the problem

Statement of the problem is also an essential element of a research proposal. In this essential element of the research proposal, you will have to describe the context for the studies and you will have to identify the general approach that you will adopt to write the research paper. A problem of a research proposal is that issue which exists in the literature. There are some students who try to identify the problem of the research proposal in the discussion section. It is hard for the review committee members to find out that problem. Therefore, it is also necessary for us to write the statement of the problem in the form of an identical section. Due to this identical section, the problem of the statement is easily found and recognized by the readers. You should try to present the problem of the statement in easy wording, so that, it should be easily understandable for the audience members. According to experts, an effective problem statement provides the answer to the research question.

Purpose of the study

No doubt, there is a specific purpose to write a research paper. It is necessary for the researchers to explain this purpose in the research proposal. It is possible only if a researcher has enough command on the overall purpose of the research. The best way to define the main purpose of the study is to briefly define and delimit the area of your research. The purpose of the study will also act as an incorporate rationale for the studies. Some essential tips to write the purpose of study are given below;

  1. You should commence the research proposal writing task with the help of a sentence “The purpose of the research is …….” This sentence will clearly provide an idea to the readers that you are going to elaborate on the purpose of your research paper.
  2. You should clearly define and identify the central idea of your research study.
  3. You should take an overview of the specific method of inquiry.
  4. You should also take an overview of the analysis techniques

Review of the literature

The review of the literature provides an idea to the readers of the background information about the research problem. It also provides an idea to the readers that why is it necessary for us to conduct research about that topic. The committee members will also get an idea that you have enough knowledge about your topic idea and you are in a position to add something new in the existing knowledge. Some essential tips to write this essential section of a research proposal are given below;

  1. You should share the results of your studies with the readers
  2. You should show how your research is closely related to the discussed research papers
  3. You should explain the gaps in your studies and provide them with a complete plan on how to fill these gaps
  4. There should be a framework that establishes the importance of your studies
  5. You should provide an idea to the readers that you have enough command on the methodological developments relevant to your research topic
  6. In the end, you should keep the literature review section of your research proposal short and to the point

Methods and procedures

Methods and procedures provide a clear idea about the design of the research. These methods and procedures are also considered as the heart of your research proposal. Therefore, you should provide enough detail about these methods and procedures and you should ensure the continuity while explaining these methods and procedures. These methods and procedures tell the readers that how will you answer all the questions of your research proposal. Sampling, implementation, data collection and data analysis are core elements of methods and procedures. These core elements are explained below;

  1. A sampling of the data provides enough information about the validity of the research.
  2. Instrumentation provides enough idea about the instruments that you are going to use while conducting research. Some essential instruments that most of the researchers use to gather the data are surveys, scales, and interviews, etc.
  3. To write a research paper, there requires a huge amount of data. Therefore, in the data collection, it is also necessary for you to provide an idea about the possible data collection techniques and timeline to gather the data
  4. There are lots of tools to analyze the data. You will have to provide a complete detail about that tool which you will use to analyze the data of your research paper.

Limitations and delimitations

While writing a research paper, you will have to come across lots of things like analysis of the data, preparation of self-reports complete details about the instruments and much more. While managing all of these tasks, there is a possibility that a researcher is not able to overcome some problems. These problems are known as the limitations of your research. In the research proposal, it is also necessary for you to provide an idea about these limitations. On the other, the techniques that are used to limit your research study are known as delimitations. You should also clearly explain delimitations in your research proposal.

Significance of the study

The best research proposal is that which add something new in the existing knowledge of the research topic. In the significance of the study, it is necessary for you to provide an idea to committee members that how your research paper will add some new and interesting information in the existing knowledge. You can easily write the significance of the study by providing answers to the following questions;

  1. How the results of your research paper are relevant to the theoretical framework?
  2. What are the main findings of your research paper?
  3. How the results of your research paper will influence your area of studies?
  4. How to improve the results of your studies?
  5. How to implement the results of your studies?

References

To write a research paper, we have to gather data from different resources. In the research proposal, it is also necessary for a researcher to provide a list of all the resources from where he is going to gather the data for the research paper. These resources should be authentic and academic. While citing these resources, the researchers should follow such a citation style that is recommended by the committee members.

Tips to write different sections of a research proposal

After getting an idea about all the sections of a research proposal, the next step is to write these sections. Some essential tips to write different sections of a research proposal are given below;

Come up with a title for your proposal

The title of your research proposal should be relevant to your subject area and it should be interesting, concise and descriptive. After reading the title of your research paper, the readers should be encouraged to read the whole research paper. The title of your research proposal should also seem clear and accurate to the readers. There is no need to add some phrases in the title of your research proposal.

Create a title page

A title page is the first page of your research proposal. On this title page, you should write your name, the title of your research proposal and the name of your institution. While creating the title page for your research proposal, you should follow the format of the sponsoring agency. For example, if a sponsoring agency doesn’t provide any guideline about the format of the title page, you should follow the APA citation style. There should be running head on the left corner of the page. A running head is a shortened version of your title and it appears on all the pages of the research proposal. On the title page, there should be double spacing between all the words.

Summarize the proposal in your abstract

As we have discussed earlier that to write a research proposal, you will have to describe a problem. An abstract of the research proposal provides summarized detail of this problem. Along with this problem, you should also try to include the proposed solution and the main objectives of your research problem. An abstract of a research proposal should not exceed from 150 to 250 words.

List keywords that will come up in your research proposal

You should find out at least 3 to 4 keywords relevant to the topic of your research proposal. These keywords should be in the form of phrases relevant to your topic idea that people are searching on the internet. If you optimize these keywords properly in your research proposal, search engines will show up your research proposals to the readers. Therefore, lots of people can get benefit from your research proposal.

Include a table of contents

As we have discussed earlier that a research proposal is divided into different sections. Therefore, it is also necessary for you to include a table of contents in the research proposal. This table of contents provides a complete idea about all the elements that you have included in your research proposal. These elements should be included in the table of contents along with their page numbers.

Move into your introduction

An introduction is an essential element of a research proposal. One can easily write the introductory section of a research proposal by restating the title of the research proposal, by clearly defining the statement of the problem, by typing the significance of research and by stating the purpose of research.

Try to contextualize your research

No doubt, lots of research papers and academic papers will be written relevant to your topic idea. While writing a research proposal, you will have to contextualize your research in the form of a literature review. This will provide an idea to the readers about the present and past research relevant to your topic idea. While writing this section of the research proposal, you should provide credit to other researchers because this work is done by these researchers.

Describe the relevant institution resources

If you are writing a research paper for an institution, you will have to provide background information about this institute. It means that you will have to write all the relevant institutional resources that are offered by your institute to other researchers. The supportive and facilitative services of this institution also come into this section.

Identify the personnel

If you are going to write a short research paper, there is no need to add this section in the research proposal of this research paper. Anyhow, if you are going to write a lengthy research paper, you will have to write it in your research proposal. This essential section of your research proposal provides complete information about all the contributors to your research paper. You will have to write the main responsibilities and expertise of these contributors.

Include appendices

Appendices are considered as the most important section of your research proposal. Its reason is that while writing a research proposal, there are some things that are not explained in the main body of the research proposal. Under such a situation, the appendices provide us with the chance to add these things. In other words, appendices are written to further explain your research.

Project a budget

Most of the research proposals are written to get funds from different agencies and organizations. Therefore, at the end of the research proposal, you will have to indicate the anticipated cost that is required to complete the research proposal. You should provide complete detail of all the items that are required to complete the research proposal along with their costs. Moreover, it is also necessary for you to justify the costs of these items.

Writing timeline

A research proposal is a lengthy piece of writing and there requires a huge amount of time to complete it. Therefore, in the research proposal, you will have to provide research paper writing timeline. Some essential tips to write research paper writing timeline in a research proposal are given below;

Take several months to prepare your research proposal

According to researchers, if you want to create the best quality research proposal, you will have to spend at least six months in planning and composing the research proposal. Therefore, instead of waiting for the deadline to submit the research proposal, you should commence the research proposal writing task as soon as possible.

Prewrite during the phase la

The period of 14 to 26 weeks before submitting the research proposal is known as phase la. You should perform the following tasks during this period;

  1. During the 14 to 16 weeks, you should continue your research about your research question
  2. In order to get an idea about the feasibility of your research, you should contact your advisor during 17 and 18 weeks
  3. During 19 to 23 weeks, you should write something about your research proposal and try to get feedback from your colleagues
  4. During the 24 to 26 weeks, you should write the purpose of your research proposal and try to take an overview of the administrative requirements

Perform early administrative tasks during phase lb

The period of 13 to 20 weeks before submitting the research proposal is known as phase lb. During this period, you will have to identify the relevant sources to gather the data for your research proposal and try to discuss these resources with the experts. The researchers can also get the necessary transcripts regarding the research proposal from the experts.

Proofread and edit your research proposal

While writing a research proposal, there is a possibility of some mistakes. Therefore, after preparing the first draft of your research proposal, you should proofread it and try to remove all the mistakes from your research proposal. While proofreading and editing the research proposal, you should take an overview of all the sections and subsection of your research proposal and try to ensure that it is free from the grammar, spelling and punctuation mistakes. You should also ensure that there is consistency between all the paragraphs and sentences of the research proposal.

To Sum Up

A research proposal is an essential document that proposes a research project. In a research proposal, the students have to list all the problems of the research paper and to list all the objectives to write the research proposal. Before commencing the research proposal writing task, the researchers should have enough idea about the main elements of a research proposal. The main elements of a research proposal are an introduction, statement of the problem, the purpose of the study, review of the literature, research questions, methods and procedures, limitations and delimitations, the significance of study and references. To write a research proposal before the deadline, the researchers have to follow a timeline. After preparing the first draft of the research proposal, the students should finalize it by removing all the mistakes.

How To Write A Research Paper Step By Step

How To Write A Research Paper

If you are a student who has been assigned to write a research paper, it is essential to know all the steps of writing a research paper. However, before writing a research paper, you need to know, “what is a research paper?” A research paper is an effortless form of academic writing which requires complete information about a particular topic.  It also requires original research of the author.

 

Writing a research paper is complex and time-consuming. Here is a guide to writing a research paper step by step.

Step 1:  Select a Topic

Sometimes students feel it difficult to select a research paper topic.  You should choose an interesting topic. Don’t choose technical and general topic. For example, if your topic is about “modern generation involvement” or “social media “then you should highlight its impact and benefits on modern generation.

Selecting an interesting topic may be a daunting task but you should focus on main points. Don’t hesitate to select informative as well as the functional topic. The topic line should be written in a pithy and epigrammatic style.

Step 2: Work On the Thesis Statement

A thesis statement should be argumentative and persuasive. Writing a good thesis statement is a difficult task; however, it should be concise and reflect reality.

If you want to show the main purpose of your writing then conducting a thesis statement is most essential. The right place of writing a thesis statement is the last lines of the first paragraph. It may be applied in the last introduction.

You should devote enough time to creating a strong and good thesis statement in order to clear your purpose. Collect much evidence in order to support your claim. Expose all the information that you have collected.

Step 3: Do Research On Your Topic

Although, selecting a topic is difficult, yet researching on your topic is another complicated task, therefore, give enough time to do good research on your topic. Collect all information related to your topic and make sure that you are giving all the basic information in your work.

Most students do not make good research on their topic; therefore, they lost their grades. If you want to write a high-quality research paper then you should spend your precious time on making good research. Adopt a citation technique and write in APA, MLA, and HARVARD style. You should evaluate your resources and make your notes in order to gain good grades.

In order to credible primary resources, you should read all the notes very carefully. Adopt additional and specific style to give references to your main points. Write plagiarism free work and adopt a specific style.

Step 4: Write An Impressive Outline

Writing an impressive and informative outline is another essential step that you should keep in mind while you are thinking about writing a research paper. After making a good research, you are able to give an aggressive tone to your ideas.

Composing an outline has been a difficult task for all the students but you should not lose the main points. Set an image in your mind and make an outline.

In the research paper, you cannot present a jumble of thoughts; therefore, you should organize all your thoughts and divide into heading and sub-headings. Include interesting information in your typical research paper. You should follow the structure of a research paper that is given below:

  • A title page
  • An abstract
  • An introduction
  • Methodology section
  • Findings
  • Discussing
  • conclusion

Step 5: Write Introduction

Drafting the first paragraph is called introducing. Generally, introduction means all basic and important information that you are going to write in the next sections. Writing good information is the soul and body of a research paper. Good and impressive points in the introductions section can increase your grades; therefore, you should draft the first paragraph very carefully.

Writing a good and informative introduction is most essential, because, the introduction is the first section that people want to check firstly in your research paper. Add a good title in your first draft and make sure that your draft is concise. Here are some basic points that you should keep in mind while you are writing the introduction of a research paper.

  • The introduction should be attention-grabbing
  • It should consist of the proactive question
  • In the form of statistical
  • It should provide the usual facts.
  • The introduction should be informative

Step 6: Write the Body Of Research Paper

The body of a research paper should consist of some paragraph. Each paragraph should highlight a specific point. Don’t make the jumble of words. Write each paragraph very carefully and clear your points in each paragraph. You should make a change in the body. It is a place where you can explain all your points. You should provide relevant evidence in order to give power to your points. Highlight your key points in the middle paragraph of your research paper.

Step 7: Write Impressive Conclusion

Most students consider that conclusion is the restart of the thesis statement. However, you should keep in mind that the conclusion is the end of your research paper. You should provide a basic recommendation in the last section. Don’t skip basic information in the conclusion part. However, the conclusion is not a place where you will rewrite important points. If you want to gain good grades then you should write an impressive conclusion.

Step 8: Edit And Proofread

Don’t imagine that your research paper is completed without editing and proofreading. This is the most essential and important step, therefore, never miss it. We often make many mistakes in a hurry while we are writing a paper. Proofreading and editing give a chance to make our research paper perfect and error-free. Check spelling mistakes, comma use, incomplete sentences, daggling modifier, passive voice sentences, verb, and adjective mistakes very carefully and then collect all these mistakes. After proofreading and editing your research papers submit it and gain relaxation.

How to Study: Smart Hacks 2019

Study smarter than study harder is the best technique to get the best results. In order to study smarter, firstly, the students have to prepare themselves by managing their time and by pacing their study speeds. Here the experts from our team at The Academic Papers UK, share smart study hacks that every student should try in order to show better academic performance and staying fit at the same time.

How to Study: Smart Hacks 2019

The devotion of time and attention to gain knowledge by reading material from some helpful resources like books is known as a study. Studying is very important for the students because it is helpful for them to develop impressive study habits, to manage time effectively and to create self-discipline skills. The students should try to study smartly rather than hard. Its reason is that smart study techniques are helpful for them to gain more knowledge in less time. As a result, they will be able to free up some time for socializing. Some essential smart study hacks that are helpful for the students in 2019 are given below;

Prepare yourself for studies

Before studying any subject, it is necessary for you to mentally prepare yourself for studies. Some essential tips to prepare for studies are given below;

  • Manage your time

In order to get the best grades, it is necessary for you to study by preparing a schedule. For this reason, you can prepare a study schedule on a weekly and daily basis. You can also allocate some time per day for studies. This time can vary on the basis of your field of studies.

10 Essential Time Management Tips To Make Most Out Of Your University Life

  • Pace yourself

You should try to find the best speed for studies and try to adjust your time accordingly. For example, if one subject is easily understandable to you, you can easily clear its concepts in less time. On the other hand, if a subject is difficult to understand, you will have to spend more time to clear its concepts.

  • Get enough rest

In your study schedule, you should keep enough time for night’s sleep. Its reason is that after enjoying 6 to 8 hours in night’s sleep, you will be in a better position to pay attention to your studies.

  • Eliminate all the distractions

There are some students who try to study in the presence of some distractions like mobile phone, TV and some other electronic distractions. Due to the presence of these distractions, the attention of the students will be distorted and they will not be able to follow the study schedule.

Set up your study space

The environment of your study room can also increase or decrease the productivity of your studies. Therefore, you should also try to set up a study space before studying. You can set up study space by following these essential tips;

  • Find a good study spot

Before studying, you should try to gain full control of study space. You should manage a comfortable chair for studies, you should arrange a table, you should wear comfortable clothes and you should try to make the study space quiet.

  • Keep the television turned off

There are some students who try to watch TV while studying. It is a bad habit because TV will distract your attention from the studies and your full attention will be towards your favorite TV program or movie.

  • Snack smart

While studying, there is no need to eat such foods that are full of sugar and fat. You should try to eat nutritional and energy-boosting foods because these foods are helpful to you to remain active while studying.

Use effective study techniques

As we have discussed earlier that in order to get the best results, you should follow smart study techniques rather than hard study techniques. Some useful and effective study techniques are explained below;

  • Try a five-step approach

If you want to get the best results, you should follow five steps approach while studying. First of all, you should glance through the chapters of your book by taking an overview of their tables and figures. Secondly, you should make a question for each heading. Thirdly, you should try to find out the possible answers to these questions. Fourthly, you should try to recite the answers to your questions. At last, you should take an overview of the chapter to get an idea either you have learned all the main points of your chapter or not.

  • Highlight the most important details

While studying, it is almost impossible for us to remember each and every line of the book. Therefore, the students should try to keep a highlighter while studying and try to highlight all the main points of the book. These main points are also helpful for the students during revision.

  • Summarize or outline the material

After reading a particular article or topic, you should try to summarize it in your own words. You can also summarize it by writing down the most important points of this article or topic in the form of a table.

  • Make flashcards

You can also write the most important points of an article or topic on the flashcards. For this reason, you will have to write the questions on one side of the flashcards and try to write their possible answers on the other side. These flashcards are helpful for the students to get an idea either they have learned a particular topic or not.

  • Break things into smaller parts

Sometimes, there is a possibility that you will have to learn a lengthy topic. The best technique to learn a lengthy topic is to break it into smaller parts and try to understand this topic in these smaller parts.

Different Techniques to Get Best Marks in Assignments

Conclusion

Study smarter than study harder is the best technique to get the best results. In order to study smarter, firstly, the students have to prepare themselves by managing their time and by pacing their study speeds. Secondly, they will have to organize their study space by finding such a place that is free from the distractions. Thirdly, they will have to follow some smart study techniques like by highlighting the main points of the topic, by writing questions and answers relevant to a topic on the flashcards and by breaking the large topic into smaller parts. To enjoy sound sleep and to eat healthy food are also some essential techniques to study smarter rather than harder.

Read More:

Is your carelessness a hurdle in academic achievement? Tips on developing good study habits

10 Learning And Revision Habits Of Top Students

Step by Step Guide to Formulate a Research Problem

A research problem is also known as a research question. In both natural and social sciences, it is known as the methodological point of departure in scholarly research. While conducting effective research, it is necessary for you to provide an answer to this question.

Research Problem Guide

 

If you are going to write a research paper at the undergraduate level, the answer to the research question exists in the form of a thesis statement. A research question will also address such problem which is worth solving. Some essential tips to formulate a research question are given below;

  • Specify the research objectives

A clear statement which can easily define all of your objectives is helpful to you to develop effective research. It is also helpful for the evaluators to get an idea either the research questions of your projects have provided all the possible answers to your questions or not. With the help of clear objectives, it is also easy for the students to find out the possible answers to the research questions of a project. No doubt, to find the manageable objectives is a critical task for the students but with a little effort, you can easily specify the research objectives of your project.

  • Review the context of the research problem

There are some environmental variables or contextual variables which are helpful to you to provide enough idea about the findings of your research problem. You just need to find out all the environmental or contextual variables which can affect your research project. After finding these variables, you will be in a better position to formulate the possible methods which are helpful to you to control these variables.

  • Explore the nature of the problem

As we know that the research problems can be simple and complex. The simplicity or the complexity of the research problem depends upon the number of variables and relationship between these variables. As a researcher, you should try to select such variables for your research project which have a direct relation with the research problems or the research questions. Its reason is that if a student is able to easily explore and understand the nature of a problem, it is easy for him to develop better solutions to the research problems.

  • Define the variable relationships

We can’t ignore these variables while formulating the research questions. For example, if you are going to write a research project of marketing, you will have to get an idea which behaviors are occurring over the time and what is the best design to introduce a new product. Its reason is that these variables have a direct relationship with the sale of the products. This is also considered as an essential stage for problem formulation.

  • The sequence of alternate courses of action

While writing any kind of research project, you will have to keep in mind the sequence of the alternative courses of action. Therefore, while formulating the research problems, it is also necessary for us to anticipate and communicate with the outcomes of the various courses of action. Its reason is that if we don’t keep in mind these courses of action, we will never be able to get the desired results.

Guidelines to Structure Interview Questions for Qualitative Research

A scientific method to gather the non-numerical data for a research paper is known as qualitative research. There are different methods to gather data for qualitative research. Some essential methods to gather the data for qualitative research are individual interviews, focus group, observations, and action research. This article by The Academic Papers UK, is a comprehensive guide on the interview question, the types, a template, and examples can be useful for you if you are looking for expert advice.

If you are going to gather the data for qualitative research by adopting a method of individual interview, you will have to structure the interview questions. No doubt, to structure the interview questions is a real problem for the students.

Interview structure types

An interview provides a chance to a researcher to gather enough information about a specific topic by conducting an interview from a group of respondents. On the basis of the desired detail of the information, there are different types of interview structure types. Some of them are explained below;

  • Structured interview

It is an essential research tool that provides a little scope to the respondents to obtain and analyze the results. The approach of a structured interview is quantitative. By keeping in mind the required information, the questions of this interview are pre-determined. Mostly, this type of interview is used in survey research. The questions of this interview can be closed-ended or open-ended by keeping in mind the target audience. The aim of the closed-ended questions is to get the answers to the interview questions according to the preferences of the respondents.

On the other hand, the aim of the open-ended questions is to get enough detail about a particular section of the interview. There are lots of advantages of conducting such kind of interview like it allows the researchers to get accurate responses to interview questions, it allows the researchers to get access to a wide variety of audience and it creates a formal relationship between the researchers and respondents. There are also some disadvantages of this kind of interview technique like it provides limited scope to the respondents to obtain the results, it forces the respondents to provide specific information and it is a time-taking task.

  • Semi-structured interview

A semi-structured interview is a guided conversation between the respondents and interviewer. The researchers can get appropriate flexibility while conducting this kind of interview. Instead of the structure of the interviewer, the researchers can also take advantage of their own ideas and creativity while conducting the interview. When a researcher wants to get a lot of information about a particular topic in a limited amount of time, this kind of interviewing technique is the best technique for the researchers.

There are many advantages of this interview like it provides enough time to the researchers to prepare and analyze the interview questions, it allows the researchers to show flexibility while maintaining the guidelines of the interview and the structure of this interview is also flexible.

The main disadvantage of this interview technique is that when flexibility is offered, the researchers are not able to get reliable data.

  • Unstructured interview

An unstructured interview is an in-depth interview. An unstructured interview provides enough data to the researchers about the research study. The unstructured interviews provide a chance for the researchers to build a bond between the respondents. Due to this bond, there is a possibility that the respondents will provide 100% genuine information to the researchers.

There are no guidelines to conduct this kind of interview, therefore, the researchers keep such an approach which is necessary for them to maintain the main motive of the research.

The main advantage of this interview is that it is conducted by keeping in mind all the permissible limits of the research. The main disadvantage of this interview is that due to the lack of structure, the researchers take more time to conduct this kind of interview.

  • Structured oral interview

There are some skills and abilities of the respondents that are not accessed through the written paper. In order to get an idea about these skills and abilities of the respondents, a structured oral interview is designed. The questions of a structured oral interview cover a wide range of topics and it is easy for the researchers to make some decisions after conducting this interview.

Some essential tips to structure interview questions for qualitative research are given below;

Interview structure template

The main aim of conducting an interview is to gather useful information from the respondents. It is possible only if you follow the correct template while structuring the interview questions. There are five main parts of the template of an interview structure.

  1. First of all, you should develop some questions to gather enough information about the interviewer.
  2. Secondly, you should try to introduce your topic to the respondents. For this reason, it is also necessary for you to design some questions.
  3. Thirdly, you should design the main questions of the interview.
  4. Fourthly, you should ask some questions from the respondents about their skills.
  5. At last, you will have to design some concluding questions.

Examples of structured interview questions for research

There are some students who don’t know how to prepare questions for the structured interview. They can get an idea about the structured interview questions by seeing these examples;

  • What’s the mission of your company?
  • Who are the competitors of your company and what are some essential strategies to compete with them?
  • How you get success in your field?
  • How one can get success in the field of business?
  • What are the necessary skills and abilities to get success in this field?
  • What is the importance of leadership skills in this field?
  • How much time is required to become a successful businessman?
  • What is the ethical dilemma that you have faced at your workplace?

Interview questions structure

There is a specific structure of the interview questions. First of all, you should lead the interview with the help of the general questions. After that, you should follow the interview with experience questions. Thirdly, you should prepare such questions that can reflect the behavior of the respondents.

Structured situational interview

Such questions that can be used for all the candidates are known as structured situational interview questions. These questions are open-ended and these questions give an invitation to the candidates to explain, elaborate and describe significant details about a specific topic. These questions usually begun with some phrases.

For more information and practical assistance, hire an expert dissertation writer from our team.

How to Write a Masters’ Dissertation In a Week: Complete Schedule and Guide

If the students follow some essential time management tips, they can easily create a monument of a dissertation even within a week. Some essential tips to write a dissertation within a week are given below

A master’s dissertation is a lengthy written work on a single topic. A master’s dissertation is completed with the guidance of the supervisor. There involves an extended period of writing and research while creating a monument of a dissertation. The content and the length of a dissertation vary from one subject to another subject or from one university to another university. There are some students who are not able to create a monument of a dissertation. Some common problems to write a master’s dissertation are to formulate a suitable thesis statement, to find out the relevant literature, poor planning and time management, etc. If the students follow some essential time management tips, they can easily create a monument of a dissertation even within a week. Some essential tips to write a dissertation within a week are given below;

1st day

Before commencing the dissertation writing task, you should find out a reliable and authentic dissertation writing service. Its reason is that while writing a dissertation in such a short interval of time if you face any difficulty, you will have to get quick help. Due to the 24/7 customer support service, a professional dissertation writing service can provide you dissertation help quickly. The first day of a dissertation writing task is very crucial. Its reason is that on the first day of a dissertation writing task, you will have to find out an interesting and intriguing topic idea and approve it from the supervisor. Moreover, you should also try to prepare the dissertation proposal on the first day of the dissertation writing task. The main components of the dissertation proposal are the purpose of the research proposal, title page, introduction, literature review, research design, references list and research schedule, etc. You will have to approve the dissertation proposal on the first day of the dissertation writing task at any cost.

2nd day

On the second day of the dissertation writing task, you should prepare all the preliminary pages of your dissertation. In these preliminary pages, there comes title page, acknowledgment, abstract, table of contents, list of abbreviations, list of figures, list of tables and glossary. You should prepare the title page of your dissertation by keeping in mind the format of your department. An abstract provides the main summary of your dissertation. Table of contents provides a complete detail about the different sections of a dissertation. List of abbreviations provides a list of the meanings of the difficult terms of the dissertation. List of figures and tables provide a complete detail about the tables and figures that are used in the dissertation.

3rd day

To write a dissertation, there requires a huge amount of data. If you want to increase the authenticity of a dissertation, you should try to gather the data from authentic and academic resources. On the third of the dissertation writing task, you should try to gather the data from different resources. For this reason, you should try to prepare a list of the best resources relevant to your dissertation topic. After preparing this list, you should gather data. After gathering enough data for your dissertation, you should sort out that data and try to keep only that data which is relevant to the main theme of your dissertation topic.

4th day

On the fourth day of the dissertation writing task, you should complete at least two chapters of your dissertation. In these two chapters, there come introduction and literature review. In the introduction of your dissertation, you should provide a basic outline to the audience members that what you are going to do in your dissertation. An introduction leads a dissertation towards the main body. On the other hand, in a literature review, you will have to provide an idea about the current state of the knowledge to the students. It will provide an idea about the originality of your dissertation. Moreover, it will also provide an idea to the audience members that how you are going to fill the hole in the existing literature.

5th day

On the fifth day of the dissertation writing task, you should also try to complete two main chapters of your dissertation. In these two main chapters, there come research methodology and results. The research methodology chapter of a dissertation provides an idea to the audience members to get an idea about the validity of the dissertation. Its reason is that in this chapter, you will have to provide the complete detail on how you have gathered the data for your dissertation. The results section of a dissertation provides an idea to the audience members about the outcomes of the dissertation.

6th day

On the sixth day of the dissertation writing task, you have to write discussion and concluding chapters of the dissertation. The discussion chapter of a dissertation provides a complete idea about the exploration and implementation of the results of your dissertation. While presenting these results in detail, it is also necessary for you to tell the audience members either these results meet your expectations or not. On the other hand, in the concluding chapter of a dissertation, you will have to summarize your results. At the end of the concluding chapter, you should provide some recommendations for further research on this topic.

7th day

On the last day of the dissertation writing task, you will have to quickly prepare the references list and appendices. Your first draft of the dissertation will be prepared. In this first draft, there is a possibility of some mistakes. The best way to remove these mistakes from your dissertation is to proofread and edit your dissertation. It is also necessary for you to get the comments of the experts about the quality of the dissertation. For this reason, you should send your dissertation to the expert writers of the dissertation writing services. Their expert writers will remove all the mistakes from your dissertation.

In order to write a dissertation within a week by following these simple tips, you will have to find a distraction-free environment and to prepare a solid timetable. After preparing the timetable, you will have to follow this timetable strictly.

The Most Interesting Features That We Are Expecting In Upcoming iPhones

Upcoming iPhones

The iPhone is sophisticated and unbelievable smartphones that are developed by the most well-known companies such as Apple and iPod. According to modern research, the adolescent generation is interested in iPhones. The iPhone is trending in all around the world, especially in the United Kingdom. Here, the professional writers of the cheap dissertation writing services will discuss the most interesting features that we are expecting in the upcoming iPhone. The mainly interesting feature that people are expecting in the upcoming iPhone is the 5.9 LED. Most people are found of high definition LED; therefore, Apple Company has decided to develop high definition LED. Another mainly imperative and amazing feature of the iPhone is the camera. The whole world is revolving around the selfies. We cannot envisage life without a selfie.

Upcoming iPhones

Actually, here is a long strip of interesting features. If we take to the 3D torch, then this is exceptionally old and probably in the entire smartphone. Therefore, it is expecting that 4D touch will be introduced on the iPhone.  Nonetheless, the price of iPhone X is extremely elevated in all around the world. Most people are expecting that the three-lens and the 13MP camera will be introduced in the upcoming iPhone. This is an exceptionally amazing and outstanding feature that should be introduced by Apple Company in the upcoming iPhones. On the other hand, the single-lenses camera custom is extremely old and now people want to utilize new equipment. However, the front and back camera should be the equivalent in the upcoming iPhone. The main camera is most important, therefore, it should be developed about 15MP.

Most people are expecting that the memory card of the iPhone will be Ultra 130GB. This will be surprising for all the people.  Another most significant and fascinating feature of the iPhone is battery life. It is expecting that the battery of the iPhone will be 5000mAH. On the other hand, most people think that fast-charging feature should be settled in the upcoming iPhones.  The fast-charging feature is most admired and well-known all around the world. This amazing feature should be introduced in the upcoming iPhone. Therefore, this is an astounding feature and an interesting feature that is expecting in the upcoming iPhone.

The internet Pod is also an especially interesting feature of the upcoming iPhone. This feature is well used by most people. Therefore, most people, especially, businessman are expecting that” Internet pod “should be charming and easy to use. The portrait method is most important, therefore, this mode should be a high definition in the upcoming iPhone. We are expecting the security feature of the upcoming iPhone should be very strict.  It is expecting that high rumours should be introduced in the fingerprint scanner with the 6.8-inch super screen. However, the 6.8-inch screen will be an amazing and interesting feature that we are expecting in the upcoming iPhone. We are expecting that the upcoming iPhone should be 5G LTE. This is an incredibly amazing feature that should be introduced in the X11 iPhone by Apple.

Top 10 reasons you should hire a Cheap Dissertation Writing Services today as offered by The Academic Papers

This article informs on the reasons why you should hire cheap essay writing services as offered here at TheAcademicPapers UK. 

Academic writing is one of the most frequently used ideas and most of the people are asking for their dissertation to get published in the best of the journals but are not able to write accordingly. The art of writing is something that can convince them to pay writers in the first place but the rates so high that you feel like quitting the research. The solution does not lie in the fact that you stop relying on academic services or you should pay them simply to splash out. Here are some of the reasons why you should hire cheap dissertation writing services:

1-Save money

It is important that you should save money because during the dissertation the idea is not just to complete your writing but to come up with the prints and bindings as well. Therefore, make sure you don’t get off your budget.

2-Quality can be cheap

Majority of the time, people have this general perception that the quality lessons with the cheap rates but that is not the case. There are writing sites that have competitive price can be very reasonable for you.

3-Your approval

The final approval is given by you, so, if you are not satisfied with the work of the writer, you can always change it according to your need and requirement.

4-Qualified professionals

The team of academic writers is a group of professionals that can write your dissertation keeping in mind the standards of research. The research protocols are important to understanding and as an immature, it is not possible to come across all of it.

5-Limited Time

You have a very limited time and hence it is tough for you if you are relying on yourself for better results. The limited time must be managed well and hence you must see if you can save time and money. We are offering you both the points in our team of academic writing services.

6-Proof Reading

The proofreading is a must and it can be done by professionals because you as a writer cannot investigate your own errors, so this is also one reason you can get cheap dissertation writing services online.

7-References

The references are tough to track and hence you will have to investigate a lot of factors that can help you fix it to a great deal. The references are available in our online journals and people can investigate for the references in no time.

8-Choose your writers

You can always choose your writer online and give in your research topic on our official website of a team of academic writer UK.

9-Get your submission

After choosing your writer, you can always let him write and submit your work before the deadline.

10-Get good marks

The dissertation writing services have professional writers who have a good deal of research and hence they write in a way that you can always get good marks for your finals.

How Is Sex Education More Stressful To Teachers Than Students?

A set of the instructions that are provided to the students in order to provide the best solutions to the problems regarding human sexuality is known as sex education. There are a lot of components of the sex education. Some of them are to understand the power of touch, try to get an idea about the sexual differences of the different people, try to get an idea about the intrinsic values of the humans, try to understand the best gender approaches and try to understand the sexual identities. If you are not able to write down any kind of the academic paper regarding the sex education, then you can get help from the academic writing services. To teach the sex education is not an easy task for the students. Here, we will discuss how sex education is more stressful to teachers than students.

To study the sexual health education is the most important component of the sex education. In the sexual health education, it is necessary for the teachers to teach the different roles of the sex to their students. To teach the students about the cope of the sex education is a real challenge for the teachers.

  • Nowadays, there are a lot of alarming situations about the pre-marital sex. Moreover, the teenagers are also facing a lot of issues about the pregnancies. Its reason is that sexual activity has become more common among the youth. To provide the best solutions to these sexual problems in the society is also a real challenge for the teachers.
  • The social relationship is also an important component of the sex education. There are a lot of problems with the growth and development of the social relationship not only in the young people but also in the adults. It is an unavoidable thing for the teachers to provide the best solutions to these problems. Most of the teachers face a lot of problems to teach the students about the siblings, peer group, and different groups of the opposite sex members.
  • The adolescence is the most important period in the life of a student. During this important period of the life, every child tries to recognize his/her personal identity. The process of establishing the personal identity is a gradual process. Its reason is that there are a lot of physical as well as psychological changes take place during this important period of time. To teach the students about the adolescence is also a real challenge for the teachers.
  • The teenage (The period of a person’s life from 13 to 19) is the most important period in the life of a person. During this important period of life, there occurs a lot of upsurge of sexual feelings. Due to this sudden upsurge of the sexual feelings, there occurs a lot of physical changes. To teach the students about these emotional feelings of the teenagers is also a real challenge for the students.

Due to these reasons, the sex education is a stressful task for the teachers rather than the students.