How To Write A Research Paper Step By Step

How To Write A Research Paper

If you are a student who has been assigned to write a research paper, it is essential to know all the steps of writing a research paper. However, before writing a research paper, you need to know, “what is a research paper?” A research paper is an effortless form of academic writing which requires complete information about a particular topic.  It also requires original research of the author.


Writing a research paper is complex and time-consuming. Here is a guide to writing a research paper step by step.

Step 1:  Select a Topic

Sometimes students feel it difficult to select a research paper topic.  You should choose an interesting topic. Don’t choose technical and general topic. For example, if your topic is about “modern generation involvement” or “social media “then you should highlight its impact and benefits on modern generation.

Selecting an interesting topic may be a daunting task but you should focus on main points. Don’t hesitate to select informative as well as the functional topic. The topic line should be written in a pithy and epigrammatic style.

Step 2: Work On the Thesis Statement

A thesis statement should be argumentative and persuasive. Writing a good thesis statement is a difficult task; however, it should be concise and reflect reality.

If you want to show the main purpose of your writing then conducting a thesis statement is most essential. The right place of writing a thesis statement is the last lines of the first paragraph. It may be applied in the last introduction.

You should devote enough time to creating a strong and good thesis statement in order to clear your purpose. Collect much evidence in order to support your claim. Expose all the information that you have collected.

Step 3: Do Research On Your Topic

Although, selecting a topic is difficult, yet researching on your topic is another complicated task, therefore, give enough time to do good research on your topic. Collect all information related to your topic and make sure that you are giving all the basic information in your work.

Most students do not make good research on their topic; therefore, they lost their grades. If you want to write a high-quality research paper then you should spend your precious time on making good research. Adopt a citation technique and write in APA, MLA, and HARVARD style. You should evaluate your resources and make your notes in order to gain good grades.

In order to credible primary resources, you should read all the notes very carefully. Adopt additional and specific style to give references to your main points. Write plagiarism free work and adopt a specific style.

Step 4: Write An Impressive Outline

Writing an impressive and informative outline is another essential step that you should keep in mind while you are thinking about writing a research paper. After making a good research, you are able to give an aggressive tone to your ideas.

Composing an outline has been a difficult task for all the students but you should not lose the main points. Set an image in your mind and make an outline.

In the research paper, you cannot present a jumble of thoughts; therefore, you should organize all your thoughts and divide into heading and sub-headings. Include interesting information in your typical research paper. You should follow the structure of a research paper that is given below:

  • A title page
  • An abstract
  • An introduction
  • Methodology section
  • Findings
  • Discussing
  • conclusion

Step 5: Write Introduction

Drafting the first paragraph is called introducing. Generally, introduction means all basic and important information that you are going to write in the next sections. Writing good information is the soul and body of a research paper. Good and impressive points in the introductions section can increase your grades; therefore, you should draft the first paragraph very carefully.

Writing a good and informative introduction is most essential, because, the introduction is the first section that people want to check firstly in your research paper. Add a good title in your first draft and make sure that your draft is concise. Here are some basic points that you should keep in mind while you are writing the introduction of a research paper.

  • The introduction should be attention-grabbing
  • It should consist of the proactive question
  • In the form of statistical
  • It should provide the usual facts.
  • The introduction should be informative

Step 6: Write the Body Of Research Paper

The body of a research paper should consist of some paragraph. Each paragraph should highlight a specific point. Don’t make the jumble of words. Write each paragraph very carefully and clear your points in each paragraph. You should make a change in the body. It is a place where you can explain all your points. You should provide relevant evidence in order to give power to your points. Highlight your key points in the middle paragraph of your research paper.

Step 7: Write Impressive Conclusion

Most students consider that conclusion is the restart of the thesis statement. However, you should keep in mind that the conclusion is the end of your research paper. You should provide a basic recommendation in the last section. Don’t skip basic information in the conclusion part. However, the conclusion is not a place where you will rewrite important points. If you want to gain good grades then you should write an impressive conclusion.

Step 8: Edit And Proofread

Don’t imagine that your research paper is completed without editing and proofreading. This is the most essential and important step, therefore, never miss it. We often make many mistakes in a hurry while we are writing a paper. Proofreading and editing give a chance to make our research paper perfect and error-free. Check spelling mistakes, comma use, incomplete sentences, daggling modifier, passive voice sentences, verb, and adjective mistakes very carefully and then collect all these mistakes. After proofreading and editing your research papers submit it and gain relaxation.

Guidelines to Structure Interview Questions for Qualitative Research

A scientific method to gather the non-numerical data for a research paper is known as qualitative research. There are different methods to gather data for qualitative research. Some essential methods to gather the data for qualitative research are individual interviews, focus group, observations, and action research. This article by The Academic Papers UK, is a comprehensive guide on the interview question, the types, a template, and examples can be useful for you if you are looking for expert advice.

If you are going to gather the data for qualitative research by adopting a method of individual interview, you will have to structure the interview questions. No doubt, to structure the interview questions is a real problem for the students.

Interview structure types

An interview provides a chance to a researcher to gather enough information about a specific topic by conducting an interview from a group of respondents. On the basis of the desired detail of the information, there are different types of interview structure types. Some of them are explained below;

  • Structured interview

It is an essential research tool that provides a little scope to the respondents to obtain and analyze the results. The approach of a structured interview is quantitative. By keeping in mind the required information, the questions of this interview are pre-determined. Mostly, this type of interview is used in survey research. The questions of this interview can be closed-ended or open-ended by keeping in mind the target audience. The aim of the closed-ended questions is to get the answers to the interview questions according to the preferences of the respondents.

On the other hand, the aim of the open-ended questions is to get enough detail about a particular section of the interview. There are lots of advantages of conducting such kind of interview like it allows the researchers to get accurate responses to interview questions, it allows the researchers to get access to a wide variety of audience and it creates a formal relationship between the researchers and respondents. There are also some disadvantages of this kind of interview technique like it provides limited scope to the respondents to obtain the results, it forces the respondents to provide specific information and it is a time-taking task.

  • Semi-structured interview

A semi-structured interview is a guided conversation between the respondents and interviewer. The researchers can get appropriate flexibility while conducting this kind of interview. Instead of the structure of the interviewer, the researchers can also take advantage of their own ideas and creativity while conducting the interview. When a researcher wants to get a lot of information about a particular topic in a limited amount of time, this kind of interviewing technique is the best technique for the researchers.

There are many advantages of this interview like it provides enough time to the researchers to prepare and analyze the interview questions, it allows the researchers to show flexibility while maintaining the guidelines of the interview and the structure of this interview is also flexible.

The main disadvantage of this interview technique is that when flexibility is offered, the researchers are not able to get reliable data.

  • Unstructured interview

An unstructured interview is an in-depth interview. An unstructured interview provides enough data to the researchers about the research study. The unstructured interviews provide a chance for the researchers to build a bond between the respondents. Due to this bond, there is a possibility that the respondents will provide 100% genuine information to the researchers.

There are no guidelines to conduct this kind of interview, therefore, the researchers keep such an approach which is necessary for them to maintain the main motive of the research.

The main advantage of this interview is that it is conducted by keeping in mind all the permissible limits of the research. The main disadvantage of this interview is that due to the lack of structure, the researchers take more time to conduct this kind of interview.

  • Structured oral interview

There are some skills and abilities of the respondents that are not accessed through the written paper. In order to get an idea about these skills and abilities of the respondents, a structured oral interview is designed. The questions of a structured oral interview cover a wide range of topics and it is easy for the researchers to make some decisions after conducting this interview.

Some essential tips to structure interview questions for qualitative research are given below;

Interview structure template

The main aim of conducting an interview is to gather useful information from the respondents. It is possible only if you follow the correct template while structuring the interview questions. There are five main parts of the template of an interview structure.

  1. First of all, you should develop some questions to gather enough information about the interviewer.
  2. Secondly, you should try to introduce your topic to the respondents. For this reason, it is also necessary for you to design some questions.
  3. Thirdly, you should design the main questions of the interview.
  4. Fourthly, you should ask some questions from the respondents about their skills.
  5. At last, you will have to design some concluding questions.

Examples of structured interview questions for research

There are some students who don’t know how to prepare questions for the structured interview. They can get an idea about the structured interview questions by seeing these examples;

  • What’s the mission of your company?
  • Who are the competitors of your company and what are some essential strategies to compete with them?
  • How you get success in your field?
  • How one can get success in the field of business?
  • What are the necessary skills and abilities to get success in this field?
  • What is the importance of leadership skills in this field?
  • How much time is required to become a successful businessman?
  • What is the ethical dilemma that you have faced at your workplace?

Interview questions structure

There is a specific structure of the interview questions. First of all, you should lead the interview with the help of the general questions. After that, you should follow the interview with experience questions. Thirdly, you should prepare such questions that can reflect the behavior of the respondents.

Structured situational interview

Such questions that can be used for all the candidates are known as structured situational interview questions. These questions are open-ended and these questions give an invitation to the candidates to explain, elaborate and describe significant details about a specific topic. These questions usually begun with some phrases.

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