The Definition, importance of Intellectual Property and IP Laws UK

The main purpose of IP is to encourage those people who are the creators of intellectual goods. With the help of IP law, it is also possible for people to get information about these intellectual goods.

Copyright

Intellectual property is abbreviated as IP. It is a type of property in which there include the intangible creations relevant to the human intellect. Two types of laws are related to intellectual property. First is known as industrial property rights and the second is known as copyright.  This is the best way to give economic incentives to people as they can earn more and more profit with the help of their intellectual creations. These economic incentives are helpful for the economic and technological progress of a country. It is difficult for us to handle intellectual property than traditional property because the people face lots of difficulties to stop replicating intellectual property. After replicating it, most of the people try to sell it at the lower prices. Therefore, we can say that the investments in this field may suffer from lots of problems and the people are not able to get appreciation.

Intellectual property rights definition

The process of assigning the property rights to the people with the help of trademarks, copyright and patents are known as intellectual property rights. With the help of these rights, the creator is able to use a specific term for his business for a specific period of time. In order to get rid of the duplication and imitation, the monopoly power is conferred. The intellectual property laws are helpful for the people to provide them with the ownership to the literary and artistic work. For this reason, they protect the literary work by copyright, inventions by patents and distinguish and enterprise of the goods by trademarks.

Types of intellectual property

The main aim of intellectual property is to protect the inventions, literary and all kinds of artistic works. There are four types of intellectual property. These four types of intellectual property are explained below;

  • Patents

With the help of a patent, one can easily get a title to prevent his inventions from the exposition. The patent doesn’t allow the other people to prepare or sell this particular invention. One can get this kind of monopoly for a specific field and in a specific country. Moreover, the period of this monopoly is also specific. The maximum period of time that is granted for this monopoly is 20 years. This deal is given between the inventor and the society. The patent is helpful for the inventor because it doesn’t allow the competitors and other people to make copies of his invention. On the other hand, society can get help from the patent in the form of real innovations. In order to apply for the patent, the inventor should fulfil these requirements;

  1. The invention of a person should have a patentable matter. In the European countries, a set of EPC (European Patent Convention) rules is used to claim for intellectual property. According to these rules, all the scientific theories, discoveries, aesthetic creations, computer programs, playing games and mathematical methods come into EPC rules.
  2. The invention of a person should be novel. This means that the idea or the product of a person should be unique and different from other ideas and products.
  3. There includes an inventive step in this invention. It means that a person who has average knowledge of your field will not be able to easily understand your invention.
  4. The invention of a person should either be susceptible or an industrial application. In other words, the invention of a person should not be purely theoretical.
  • Trademark

A trademark is a sign which distinguishes the products or services of a company or an organization from the products or services of other competitive companies and organizations. A trademark can be in the form of some distinctive words or some other kinds of marks. The main aim of a trademark is to set the mindset of a customer that these particular products or services belong to a particular company.

Different companies use different trademarks for the promotion and reorganization of the products or services of their companies. The most famous form of the trademark is in the form of the logo of a company. Some other trademarks of the companies are personal names, the shape of the products and letters etc. Some essential requirements to define a new trademark are given below;

  1. It must be distinguished from the trademarks of other companies.
  2. A trademark should not be deceptive and it should not deceive the public concern of a particular geographical area.
  3. A trademark can’t be in the form of the description of a product or service of a company.
  4. A trademark should follow all the laws relevant to the trademark.
  5. It should also be prepared by keeping in mind the public policy and morality.
  • Copyright

A legal term which protects the original literary, musical and artistic work of the creators is known as copyright. Some essential forms of the copyrighted things are the thesis, books, research papers, computer software, sound recordings, TV programs and films etc. There are two main components of the copyright. First is known as moral rights and these moral rights provide ownership to the author. Second is known as economic rights and with the help of economic rights, a person makes and issues the copies of his products to others.

Copyright is not a monopoly because two people can prepare the same work and they can get individual copyright claims for their own works. The term copyright has been developed over the last fifty years. The copyright also provides protection to the work of a person for a limited period of time. The creators of such work can easily get the copyright rules from the creation of their work and there is no need to fulfil a formal registration process for the protection of their work.

A secret formula or any kind of other information that provides a competitive advantage to a company over the other is known as a trade secret. Some essential forms of the trade secrets are soda formulas, lists of the customers, results of the surveys and computer algorithms. The protection of this kind of intellectual property is different from the protection of the other kinds of intellectual properties because you can only protect your trade secrets only if you don’t disclose the information or formulas of your products.

Lots of security practices are made by the businessmen in order to protect their products. While protecting your trade secrets, you just need to take an overview of your competitors and try to prepare such policies that are helpful for you to protect your secrets from your competitors. No doubt, to protect your intellectual property, there requires a huge amount of time and money. Therefore, before taking some essential measures to protect your trade secrets, you should get an idea either your trade secrets are worthy to protect or not.

Intellectual property law

The area of the law which provides legal rights to the work of the creators and inventors is known as intellectual property law. The main aim of this law is to provide control to the creations of the inventors. With the help of intellectual property law, one can easily get an idea who can invent new things in order to earn more and more profit.

According to the lawmakers, it is fair for the creators to generate revenue from their creative work. In intellectual property law, there include two types of work. First is known as scientific work and the second is known as creative work. Due to the different types of intellectual work, there are four different forms of intellectual property laws in order to protect the work of the creators and inventors.

  1. First is known as copyright law which provides ownership to a person for his creative work.
  2. Second is known as patent law which provides ownership to a person for his creation.
  3. The third is known as trademark law which protects the identity of the products or services of a company.
  4. Fourth is known as trade secret law which provides a complete plan to a company in order to protect its formulas and essential information.

Tips to protect intellectual property

After inventing or creating something new, the next step is to tell the world about your invention or creation. Before bringing your invention or creation before the world, you should try to find out the best ways to protect your invention or creation. Some essential tips to protect your invention or creation are given below;

  • There is no need to file patents before launching your product or service because if you are filing patents, it means that you are providing a full recipe to the world.
  • You should be lean and fast especially when you are going to launch your invention in the tech sector. Its reason is that if you are slow enough, it means that you are providing a chance to your competitors to create the same inventions and get success by remaining lean and fast.
  • If you are going to invent a product by working in a team, you should make sure that there is no need to provide complete detail to your product to all the members of your team.
  • In the field of technology, you should get benefit from open-source IT technology and try to tap into the broad community of the developers and inventors.
  • There is no need to get joint ownership in the field of technology because it can create lots of problems relating to the protection of intellectual property.
  • For the protection of your trademarks, it is an essential thing for you to get exact-match domains.

Intellectual property rights act in the UK

Intellectual property rights act the UK was prepared in May 2014 and it has come into force on 1st October 2014. The main points of this law are explained below;

  • For the objective evidence, the IP system can be driven as far as possible.
  • For the purpose of the cross border licensing, the UK will establish a Digital Copyright Exchange.
  • For the work of the orphans, there will make legislate.
  • IPO (Intellectual Property Office) will easily access the relationship between the rights of the designs and their innovations.
  • An act is made for persons who are using unregistered private designs.
  • According to the new act, people are free to reuse the unregistered designs in order to create their own content.
  • A design opinion service is also introduced in order to avoid the infringing of the copyright.
  • For patent work sharing, they have also made some national and regional patent offices.

Importance of intellectual property rights

Nowadays, we can see that intellectual property rights laws are accepted all around the world. Some essential reasons for the acceptance of intellectual property rights in all around the world are given below;

  • As an individual creator, it is really a hard task for you to protect your intellectual property. Intellectual property rights law is helpful for individuals to protect their creations.
  • This law is also providing lots of reorganizations not only to the creators but also to the inventors.
  • For intellectual property, this law is also ensuring the material reward. With the help of this material reward, one can get feelings of ownership.
  • This law is also ensuring the users that they can easily get unique and original products without copyright issues.
  • If there is no intellectual property law, we can’t see any kind of growth and advancement in the field of technology. Therefore, for the growth, success and protection in the field of technology, it is necessary for us to ensure intellectual property law.
  • For the growth of business in the field of technology, it is also necessary for us to ensure the intellectual property law.

Copyright Designs And Patents Act 1988

According to the new Copyright law in the UK, the work of an individual will automatically be copyrighted without getting any kind of permission, approval and registration. Therefore, there is no need to worry about the copyright of your material and there is no need to get any kind of permission from any kind of government organization.

Copyright, design and patent Act

The United Kingdom is known as the birthplace for the new laws of the copyright. The United Kingdom has commenced the copyright laws from the statue of Anne and this law was originated in 1710. No doubt, this law was originated in those days when there was no issue of online blogs and piracy. The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 came into existence on 1st August 1989. Some smaller provisions of this law came into full effect till 1990. There are lots of amendments are made in this law and we can also see a clear influence of the European Union on this law.

All of these laws were crafted before the origin of the internet and with the invention of the internet; the world has also faced some other ways of copyright issues. In order to meet these copyright issues, it was necessary to bring some amendments to the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. According to this copyright policy, the person who has generated the work on the computer is the owner of that work. In the UK and other parts of the world, people are not allowed to use the copyright content of any person without the explicit permission of the owner.

In other words, we can say that we are not allowed to use a large portion of the content without the permission of the creator. Anyhow, there are also some limited permissions from the creator to use the copyrighted material. In the United Kingdom, ‘Fair Use’ is a policy which allows the people to use the content of other creators. On the other hand, in the United States, ‘Fair Dealing’ is the policy which allows the people to use the content of other creators as their own.

We can say that Fair Dealing has more restrictive clauses than Fair Use policy. We can say that there requires sufficient acknowledgement while using the work of a creator. If you are not acknowledging the work of the others, it means that you are pirating of the copyrighted material. In the UK, there was also a time when internet cache services were also considered against the law. Due to the Fair Dealing policy, the users were not able to make even copies of the websites and blog posts. Later on, an amendment was passed and according to this amendment, the users were allowed to make the temporary copies of the websites.

Individuals in the UK are still facing some problems because they are not able to understand that either it is easy for them to register their material with an organization or they can use some specific symbols in order to register their material. Nowadays, an amendment is also passed and they have provided the answer to this question is ‘No’. Its reason is that according to the new Copyright law in the UK, the work of an individual will automatically be copyrighted without getting any kind of permission, approval and registration. Therefore, there is no need to worry about the copyright of your material and there is no need to get any kind of permission from any kind of government organization.

Thesis-Antithesis And Synthesis Is Associated With Which Theory In Sociology

In the 19th century, a German philosopher Georg W.F Hegel is well known for his system of inquiry. He has inquired lots of philosophies in the field of nature of reality. This system of inquiring the nature of reality is known as dialectic. The notions that form the historical movements become a cause of conflicting opposites. Read More …

Step by Step Guide to Formulate a Research Problem

A research problem is also known as a research question. In both natural and social sciences, it is known as the methodological point of departure in scholarly research. While conducting effective research, it is necessary for you to provide an answer to this question.

Research Problem Guide

 

If you are going to write a research paper at the undergraduate level, the answer to the research question exists in the form of a thesis statement. A research question will also address such problem which is worth solving. Some essential tips to formulate a research question are given below;

  • Specify the research objectives

A clear statement which can easily define all of your objectives is helpful to you to develop effective research. It is also helpful for the evaluators to get an idea either the research questions of your projects have provided all the possible answers to your questions or not. With the help of clear objectives, it is also easy for the students to find out the possible answers to the research questions of a project. No doubt, to find the manageable objectives is a critical task for the students but with a little effort, you can easily specify the research objectives of your project.

  • Review the context of the research problem

There are some environmental variables or contextual variables which are helpful to you to provide enough idea about the findings of your research problem. You just need to find out all the environmental or contextual variables which can affect your research project. After finding these variables, you will be in a better position to formulate the possible methods which are helpful to you to control these variables.

  • Explore the nature of the problem

As we know that the research problems can be simple and complex. The simplicity or the complexity of the research problem depends upon the number of variables and relationship between these variables. As a researcher, you should try to select such variables for your research project which have a direct relation with the research problems or the research questions. Its reason is that if a student is able to easily explore and understand the nature of a problem, it is easy for him to develop better solutions to the research problems.

  • Define the variable relationships

We can’t ignore these variables while formulating the research questions. For example, if you are going to write a research project of marketing, you will have to get an idea which behaviors are occurring over the time and what is the best design to introduce a new product. Its reason is that these variables have a direct relationship with the sale of the products. This is also considered as an essential stage for problem formulation.

  • The sequence of alternate courses of action

While writing any kind of research project, you will have to keep in mind the sequence of the alternative courses of action. Therefore, while formulating the research problems, it is also necessary for us to anticipate and communicate with the outcomes of the various courses of action. Its reason is that if we don’t keep in mind these courses of action, we will never be able to get the desired results.

Guidelines to Structure Interview Questions for Qualitative Research

A scientific method to gather the non-numerical data for a research paper is known as qualitative research. There are different methods to gather data for qualitative research. Some essential methods to gather the data for qualitative research are individual interviews, focus group, observations, and action research. This article by The Academic Papers UK, is a comprehensive guide on the interview question, the types, a template, and examples can be useful for you if you are looking for expert advice.

If you are going to gather the data for qualitative research by adopting a method of individual interview, you will have to structure the interview questions. No doubt, to structure the interview questions is a real problem for the students.

Interview structure types

An interview provides a chance to a researcher to gather enough information about a specific topic by conducting an interview from a group of respondents. On the basis of the desired detail of the information, there are different types of interview structure types. Some of them are explained below;

  • Structured interview

It is an essential research tool that provides a little scope to the respondents to obtain and analyze the results. The approach of a structured interview is quantitative. By keeping in mind the required information, the questions of this interview are pre-determined. Mostly, this type of interview is used in survey research. The questions of this interview can be closed-ended or open-ended by keeping in mind the target audience. The aim of the closed-ended questions is to get the answers to the interview questions according to the preferences of the respondents.

On the other hand, the aim of the open-ended questions is to get enough detail about a particular section of the interview. There are lots of advantages of conducting such kind of interview like it allows the researchers to get accurate responses to interview questions, it allows the researchers to get access to a wide variety of audience and it creates a formal relationship between the researchers and respondents. There are also some disadvantages of this kind of interview technique like it provides limited scope to the respondents to obtain the results, it forces the respondents to provide specific information and it is a time-taking task.

  • Semi-structured interview

A semi-structured interview is a guided conversation between the respondents and interviewer. The researchers can get appropriate flexibility while conducting this kind of interview. Instead of the structure of the interviewer, the researchers can also take advantage of their own ideas and creativity while conducting the interview. When a researcher wants to get a lot of information about a particular topic in a limited amount of time, this kind of interviewing technique is the best technique for the researchers.

There are many advantages of this interview like it provides enough time to the researchers to prepare and analyze the interview questions, it allows the researchers to show flexibility while maintaining the guidelines of the interview and the structure of this interview is also flexible.

The main disadvantage of this interview technique is that when flexibility is offered, the researchers are not able to get reliable data.

  • Unstructured interview

An unstructured interview is an in-depth interview. An unstructured interview provides enough data to the researchers about the research study. The unstructured interviews provide a chance for the researchers to build a bond between the respondents. Due to this bond, there is a possibility that the respondents will provide 100% genuine information to the researchers.

There are no guidelines to conduct this kind of interview, therefore, the researchers keep such an approach which is necessary for them to maintain the main motive of the research.

The main advantage of this interview is that it is conducted by keeping in mind all the permissible limits of the research. The main disadvantage of this interview is that due to the lack of structure, the researchers take more time to conduct this kind of interview.

  • Structured oral interview

There are some skills and abilities of the respondents that are not accessed through the written paper. In order to get an idea about these skills and abilities of the respondents, a structured oral interview is designed. The questions of a structured oral interview cover a wide range of topics and it is easy for the researchers to make some decisions after conducting this interview.

Some essential tips to structure interview questions for qualitative research are given below;

Interview structure template

The main aim of conducting an interview is to gather useful information from the respondents. It is possible only if you follow the correct template while structuring the interview questions. There are five main parts of the template of an interview structure.

  1. First of all, you should develop some questions to gather enough information about the interviewer.
  2. Secondly, you should try to introduce your topic to the respondents. For this reason, it is also necessary for you to design some questions.
  3. Thirdly, you should design the main questions of the interview.
  4. Fourthly, you should ask some questions from the respondents about their skills.
  5. At last, you will have to design some concluding questions.

Examples of structured interview questions for research

There are some students who don’t know how to prepare questions for the structured interview. They can get an idea about the structured interview questions by seeing these examples;

  • What’s the mission of your company?
  • Who are the competitors of your company and what are some essential strategies to compete with them?
  • How you get success in your field?
  • How one can get success in the field of business?
  • What are the necessary skills and abilities to get success in this field?
  • What is the importance of leadership skills in this field?
  • How much time is required to become a successful businessman?
  • What is the ethical dilemma that you have faced at your workplace?

Interview questions structure

There is a specific structure of the interview questions. First of all, you should lead the interview with the help of the general questions. After that, you should follow the interview with experience questions. Thirdly, you should prepare such questions that can reflect the behavior of the respondents.

Structured situational interview

Such questions that can be used for all the candidates are known as structured situational interview questions. These questions are open-ended and these questions give an invitation to the candidates to explain, elaborate and describe significant details about a specific topic. These questions usually begun with some phrases.

For more information and practical assistance, hire an expert dissertation writer from our team.

How to Write a Masters’ Dissertation In a Week: Complete Schedule and Guide

If the students follow some essential time management tips, they can easily create a monument of a dissertation even within a week. Some essential tips to write a dissertation within a week are given below

A master’s dissertation is a lengthy written work on a single topic. A master’s dissertation is completed with the guidance of the supervisor. There involves an extended period of writing and research while creating a monument of a dissertation. The content and the length of a dissertation vary from one subject to another subject or from one university to another university. There are some students who are not able to create a monument of a dissertation. Some common problems to write a master’s dissertation are to formulate a suitable thesis statement, to find out the relevant literature, poor planning and time management, etc. If the students follow some essential time management tips, they can easily create a monument of a dissertation even within a week. Some essential tips to write a dissertation within a week are given below;

1st day

Before commencing the dissertation writing task, you should find out a reliable and authentic dissertation writing service. Its reason is that while writing a dissertation in such a short interval of time if you face any difficulty, you will have to get quick help. Due to the 24/7 customer support service, a professional dissertation writing service can provide you dissertation help quickly. The first day of a dissertation writing task is very crucial. Its reason is that on the first day of a dissertation writing task, you will have to find out an interesting and intriguing topic idea and approve it from the supervisor. Moreover, you should also try to prepare the dissertation proposal on the first day of the dissertation writing task. The main components of the dissertation proposal are the purpose of the research proposal, title page, introduction, literature review, research design, references list and research schedule, etc. You will have to approve the dissertation proposal on the first day of the dissertation writing task at any cost.

2nd day

On the second day of the dissertation writing task, you should prepare all the preliminary pages of your dissertation. In these preliminary pages, there comes title page, acknowledgment, abstract, table of contents, list of abbreviations, list of figures, list of tables and glossary. You should prepare the title page of your dissertation by keeping in mind the format of your department. An abstract provides the main summary of your dissertation. Table of contents provides a complete detail about the different sections of a dissertation. List of abbreviations provides a list of the meanings of the difficult terms of the dissertation. List of figures and tables provide a complete detail about the tables and figures that are used in the dissertation.

3rd day

To write a dissertation, there requires a huge amount of data. If you want to increase the authenticity of a dissertation, you should try to gather the data from authentic and academic resources. On the third of the dissertation writing task, you should try to gather the data from different resources. For this reason, you should try to prepare a list of the best resources relevant to your dissertation topic. After preparing this list, you should gather data. After gathering enough data for your dissertation, you should sort out that data and try to keep only that data which is relevant to the main theme of your dissertation topic.

4th day

On the fourth day of the dissertation writing task, you should complete at least two chapters of your dissertation. In these two chapters, there come introduction and literature review. In the introduction of your dissertation, you should provide a basic outline to the audience members that what you are going to do in your dissertation. An introduction leads a dissertation towards the main body. On the other hand, in a literature review, you will have to provide an idea about the current state of the knowledge to the students. It will provide an idea about the originality of your dissertation. Moreover, it will also provide an idea to the audience members that how you are going to fill the hole in the existing literature.

5th day

On the fifth day of the dissertation writing task, you should also try to complete two main chapters of your dissertation. In these two main chapters, there come research methodology and results. The research methodology chapter of a dissertation provides an idea to the audience members to get an idea about the validity of the dissertation. Its reason is that in this chapter, you will have to provide the complete detail on how you have gathered the data for your dissertation. The results section of a dissertation provides an idea to the audience members about the outcomes of the dissertation.

6th day

On the sixth day of the dissertation writing task, you have to write discussion and concluding chapters of the dissertation. The discussion chapter of a dissertation provides a complete idea about the exploration and implementation of the results of your dissertation. While presenting these results in detail, it is also necessary for you to tell the audience members either these results meet your expectations or not. On the other hand, in the concluding chapter of a dissertation, you will have to summarize your results. At the end of the concluding chapter, you should provide some recommendations for further research on this topic.

7th day

On the last day of the dissertation writing task, you will have to quickly prepare the references list and appendices. Your first draft of the dissertation will be prepared. In this first draft, there is a possibility of some mistakes. The best way to remove these mistakes from your dissertation is to proofread and edit your dissertation. It is also necessary for you to get the comments of the experts about the quality of the dissertation. For this reason, you should send your dissertation to the expert writers of the dissertation writing services. Their expert writers will remove all the mistakes from your dissertation.

In order to write a dissertation within a week by following these simple tips, you will have to find a distraction-free environment and to prepare a solid timetable. After preparing the timetable, you will have to follow this timetable strictly.

Types Of Discursive Writing

It is an essential type of academic paper that is assigned to the students. In the discursive writing, there involves discussion on a specific topic.  In this informative post, the writers from The Academic Papers UK offer a brief definition and types of discursive writing.

For example, if you are asked to write assignments, according to discursive writing you are free to provide arguments against or in the support of the main issue. You can also provide arguments to both sides of the issue. There is also a possibility that you can provide prejudiced arguments. The nature of discursive writing is just like an argumentative essay.

The essential types of discursive writing are explained below;

  • For and against discursive writing

In this type of writing, a specific topic is assigned to the students and the students are asked to give supporting and opposing ideas regarding this topic. In other words, the students have to write positive and negative aspects of this topic. No doubt, to write this kind of academic paper requires hard work and practice from the students. For example, if you are asked to write for and against discursive essay, you will have to divide the essay into three parts. The first part is known as an introduction and you have to provide significance of the topic in this part. The second part is known as the body and you have to write your own opposing and supporting point of views about the topic. The last part is known as the conclusion and you have to summarize your topic in this section.

  • Opinionated discursive writing

In this type of essay, the students are asked to present their own theory. While presenting their own theory, they provide the opinions of famous writers. The main aim of this kind of writing is to support your own point of views with the help of the point of views of the expert persons. To write an academic paper by adopting this kind of writing, it is necessary for the students to conduct effective research and work.

  • Argumentative discursive writing

As we know that there are two main sides of an issue. While writing an argumentative essay, it is necessary for the students to provide arguments on these two sides of the issue. In some cases, it is necessary for the students to keep a balance in both of these two sides. On the other hand, there are also some cases in which the students are asked to present more force to a specific side of the issue than another side. Two main models of the argumentative writing are Toulmin and Regrian models.

  • Descriptive discursive writing

The main aim of descriptive writing is to describe a person, place or a thing. A person, place or a thing is described in such a way that the picture of this place, person or a thing is formed into the minds of the readers. If you are going to capture an event with the help of descriptive writing, you will have to provide close attention to the details of this event by using your five senses. This kind of writing is helpful for the students to create interest in their academic papers.

The Structure and Breakdown of 10000 Words Dissertation

 In this article, the expert writers at The Academic Papers UK will provide structure and breakdown of 10,000 words dissertation.

The structure is an essential component of a dissertation because it provides quality to the content of a dissertation. It is a fact that the structure of all the dissertations is not the same because the word count of a dissertation may vary from subject to another subject or from one university to another university. When you are asked to write a dissertation, your supervisor will provide you with dissertation writing prompt. On this dissertation writing prompt, a complete detail about the dissertation structure will be present.

10,000 Words Dissertation Structure

  • Introduction: How long should an introduction be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The first main chapter of a dissertation is known as an introduction. The introductory chapter of a dissertation consists of 10% of the whole dissertation. If you are going to write a dissertation of 10,000 words, the introductory chapter of a dissertation should consist of 1000 words. In these 1000 words, you will have to establish your research topic, to state your research questions, to state the objectives of the dissertation and to provide an overview of the structure of the dissertation.

  • Literature review: How long should a literature review be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The literature review chapter of a dissertation consists of 30% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the length of the literature review chapter of the dissertation will be 3000 words. In these 3000 words, you will have to address the gap in the literature, to take a methodological approach to the topic, to propose the possible solutions to the unsolved questions and to strengthen the existing knowledge relevant to your dissertation topic idea with the help of the new data.

  • Research methodology: How long should a methodology be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The research methodology chapter of a dissertation consists of 15% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the research methodology chapter of a dissertation should consist of 1500 words. In these 1500 words, you will have to provide overall structure and style of the dissertation, to provide complete detail to analyze the data and to provide a complete idea about the evaluation of the research methods.

  • Findings/Results: how many words should findings and results be in a 10000 words dissertation?

The findings or results chapter of a dissertation consists of 5% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the findings or results section of a dissertation consists of 500 words. In these 500 words, it is necessary for a student to provide an in-depth analysis of the results of a dissertation.

  • Discussion: how many words should a discussion be in a dissertation?

The analysis or discussion chapter of a dissertation consists of 30% of the whole dissertation. Like the literature review, the analysis or discussion chapter of a dissertation should also consist of 3000 words. In these 3000 words, you will have to provide a complete overview of the implications of the results which are relevant to the main theme of your dissertation.

  • Conclusions + Recommendations: how long should a conclusion be on a 10000 words dissertation?

The conclusions and recommendations chapter of a dissertation consists of 10% of the whole dissertation. In 10,000 words dissertation, the conclusions and recommendations chapter of a dissertation consists of 1000 words. In these 1000 words, you will have to summarize the main points of your dissertation. This last chapter of a dissertation leaves a clear understanding of the main argument of the dissertation.

  • References: how many references for a 10000 words dissertation?

Students are required to back their writing with authentic references to avoid plagiarism. Usually, no limit set for the number of references by institutions as it depends on the literature available on a certain topic. However, you should not miss any research study, research paper in your subject area. You need to authenticate and the latest references to back your hypothesis, to state the significance and need of your research topic. Also, you need to journals, books, research papers, articles published previously for your literature review chapter.

How Depression Impacts The Immune System?

A serious medical illness which can affect your way of feeling, thinking and acting are known as depression. The depression of a person is treatable. Due to the depression, a person feels sadness and lack of interest in those activities which were enjoyable for him. The depression can also become lots of physical and emotional problems for someone. The symptoms of depression can be mild as well as severe. Some symptoms of depression are changes in appetite, lack of interest in daily life tasks, lack of interest in studies and some thoughts of suicide. The depression can affect the immune system of a person in the following ways;

  • Insomnia, headaches and fatigue

Due to depression, people are not able to complete their sleep. As a result, they feel headaches and fatigue. Insomnia, headache and fatigue can also last some adverse impacts on the immune system. Therefore, a person can face lots of risks in the form of heart disease, heart attack, heart failure and diabetes. There are also some impacts of lack of sleep on the sex drive of a person. The metabolism system of a human is also slowed down due to insomnia and fatigue.

  • Weight loss or weight gain

Due to depression, some people loss their weight and some people gain their weight. The weight loss or weight gain can also last some adverse impacts on the immune system of a person. Due to obesity, lots of functions of our immune system are unable to work properly. In these immune functions, there comes a decrease in the cytokine production, reduce functions of the detritus cells and decreased the function of the nitrogen stimulation. Under such a situation, if we want to improve our immune system, we have to do exercise.

  • Chronic pain

Any pain in our body that lasts more than 12 weeks is known as chronic pain. The depression can also become a cause of chronic pain. Chronic pain can also last some adverse impacts on our immune system. Chronic pain can reduce the ability of a person to perform some essential activities. As a result, you will feel pain in your body while working, playing or performing some other physical activities. In order to get rid of chronic pain, we have to develop coping skills and find out the right medication. We can also get rid of chronic pain by doing some essential exercises.

  • Inflammation

The response of a body to injury is known as inflammation. The inflammation can play an essential role in some chronic diseases. The depression can also become a cause of inflammation for the people. The inflammation can also last some adverse impacts on the immune system of a body. Some adverse impacts of the chronic inflammation are fatigue, fever, rashes and chest pain etc. Abdominal pain is also an essential impact of inflammation on our body. In order to cure the chronic inflammation, we have to clearly understand it.

Loss of libido and constipation are also some other causes of depression that can impact our immune system.

A Call For Educating Our Youngsters to Tackle Prejudice and Develop Tolerance

Call For Educating Our Youngsters

Call For Educating Our YoungstersA state of being extreme is known as extremism. First of all, this term was used only in the religious or political sense but nowadays, this term is widened outside the mainstream attitudes of a society. Nowadays, some firms are also using this essential term in the economic sense too. We can also use this term in pure academic as well as non-academic senses. Nowadays, most of the youngsters are showing prejudice by adopting this term. Here, experts of cheap dissertation writing services will discuss how we can educate the youngsters to tackle prejudice.

  • Challenge your biases

There are some youngsters who don’t have enough idea about their biases. As a result, they are not able to combat with their biases. In the field of social psychology, there are some tools that are used to implicit the feelings and beliefs of the individuals. This is known as IAT. IAT will be helpful for the youngsters to test the level of inherent biases towards a particular group of the people. There are also some universities which have devised these tests for the youngsters. The youngsters should try to take IAT tests of these universities. Secondly, the youngsters should try to keep themselves accountable in order to get an idea about the perspectives of their prejudices. Thirdly, they should get an idea about the negative impacts of these prejudices. At last, they should try to find out the best ways to reduce their self-stigma.

  • Increase social connection to reduce your biases

After getting an idea about their biases, the youngsters should try to adopt some essential techniques to reduce their biases. For this reason, first of all, the students should try to surround themselves with a variety of people. This is the best technique to get an idea about the diversity that can enable someone to cope with prejudice. Secondly, the youngsters should try to be around those people whom they like. This technique will be helpful for youngsters to change their negative prejudices. Thirdly, the youngsters should try to avoid justifying stereotypes while interacting with other people. Its reason is that most of the prejudices occur when you try to justify the previously held ideas.

  • Cope with the prejudice of others

No doubt, another essential technique to get rid of prejudice is to cope with the prejudice of others. For this reason, the youngsters should try to be open and try to accept themselves. This is possible if you try to accept yourself regardless of thinking what people will think about you and try to share your information open-minded. Secondly, you should try to join a group. The solidity of the group will enable you to show resilient against your prejudices and try to protect the mental health issues. Thirdly, you should try to get family support in order to cope with prejudice. Fourthly, you should think that if you will leave a prejudice, you will be able to get a positive or neutral outcome. At last, you should try to cope with prejudice with the help of some creative acts.